Programmable Logic Controller hardware. Programming Languages: IEC61131-3, LD, IL, ST, FBD & SFC.
PLC Software Design Methods
Combinational, Sequential and Continuous Control . Analogue Value processing. Cyclic & Interrupt processing.
Design in Fault Diagnostic Techniques.
Sensors and measurement systems selection. Discrete: Proximity, limit switches.
Analogue.Transducers, amplifiers, signal conditioning.
Closed Loop Control, ON/OFF, P, PI & PID. Controller Tuning methods: Reaction Curve, Ultimate Cycle. PID digital control algorithms. Simple Software filter.
Safe design. BS EN 60204-1, BS en 954-1, PUWER 98. Control Panel design.
Industrial Communication Systems. Fieldbus systems, OPC Servers,
Human Machine Interfaces (HMI). Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems. Distributed Databases, I/O Drivers, Tags, Alarm Handling, Trending, Historic Data, HMI Design.
Distributed Generation Systems
Synchronous and induction generators and their control. Power conversion equipment.
Distribution Networks: Technical issues such as voltage changes, fault levels and calculations, earthing, power quality, stability and protection. Regulations and Codes of Practice.
Smart Grids: Network Operations, Energy Management, Information & Control Interoperability and Electrical Energy Storage.
The student will learn about important elements of project management, such as planning, control, cost, problem solving skills, report writing and defend the outcome during a viva session. The project is normally completed during 13 weeks of full time research or part time equivalent, 26 weeks.
Research Skills and Project Management
- Managing a research project: selecting, planning and execution
- Team work.
- Information searching, information sources.
- Data: organising, processing and presenting.
- Reports: evaluation and review, structuring and writing.
- An overview of project management.
- Quality management.
- Time management and cost control.
- Performance monitoring and difference resolution.
- Project implementation, completion and evaluation.
Solar Energy: Technology, Modelling and Analysis
Review of exisiting technology with respect to solar energy systems and their performance. Detailed design of solar energy systems; including autonomous off-grid Photo-Voltaic (PV) systems. Methodology and rationale for grid connection. Feed-in tariff and other governmental policies. Optimised design of solar water and space heating systems. Daylighting and solar light-pipes. Economic, energetic and environmental pay-back times. Financing and economic evaluation of systems. Systems control and energy storage.
Sustainable Building Design
Energy and Environmental issues; the global and local imperatives;
Sustainable Design Strategies:
Brownfield Site Redevelopment;
Materials and waste strategies;
Low carbon building designs;
Implementation & Performance Targets:
(building regulations, LCA, performance rating systems)
Sustainable Energy Technologies
Review, mathematical analysis and application of renewable energy resource data for the detailed design of appropriate renewable energy systems; including autonomous off-grid systems, and methodology and rationale for grid connection. Systems control and energy storage on both a micro and macro scale will be considered. Economic and environmental impact of Biomass energy systems will be covered. Hydro electric systems design, including water turbine selection and Flow Duration Curve analysis for optimisation of energy yield will be presented Methods of estimating life cycle carbon emission and ecological impacts will also be considered.