Research Output

Development and testing of a novel instrument to measure health-related quality of life (HRQL) of farmed pigs and promote welfare enhancement (Part 1)

  Health-related quality of life (HRQL) was defined for farmed animals and identified as an appropriate focus of integrative welfare
measurement for farmed pigs that embraces measurement of positive welfare. The instrument for HRQL measurement was
developed specifically for use by farmers and stockpersons, the prime carers of pigs, to increase ownership of welfare improvement
amongst those groups. Using a psychometric approach to instrument development, relevant observations were determined by consultation
with experienced farmers and stockpersons. These observations included causal variables (cause changes in HRQL) and
indicator variables (manifest changes in HRQL). The variables selected as items in the structured questionnaire instrument were those
most commonly applied by farmers and stockpersons and also were assigned similar quality-of-life impact by a range of experts
including pig veterinary specialists and welfare scientists. The prototype instrument comprises a questionnaire with 98 causal variable
items (covering five domains of welfare according with the Five Freedoms) and 30 indicator variable items. It was pre-tested with
farmers and stockpersons on commercial farm units and was found to have content (face) validity and high utility. This tool is a novel
measure of HRQL in farmed pigs that encompasses the measurement of positive welfare and promotes a move from welfare
assurance to welfare enhancement. Further validation of the instrument is described in a companion paper in this issue.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    30 November 2010

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • ISSN:

    0962-7286

  • Library of Congress:

    HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    636.089 Veterinary Medicine

Citation

Wiseman-Orr, M. L., Scott, E. M. & Nolan, A. M. (2010). Development and testing of a novel instrument to measure health-related quality of life (HRQL) of farmed pigs and promote welfare enhancement (Part 1). Animal Welfare. 20(4), 535=548. ISSN 0962-7286

Authors

Keywords

animal welfare, farmed pigs, health-related quality of life, measurement, positive welfare, psychometric

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