Research Output

Landlocked countries in South America: transport system challenges.

  This report analyses the current state of the landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) Bolivia and Paraguay. The report analyses the traditional topics (1) infrastructure at national level and connectivity towards adjacent countries; (2) the recent development in international laws and treaties and (3) cross-border operation. Beyond these traditional topics the report evaluates the level of international transport costs and the potential impact on trade. It further presents the currently induced over costs in logistic chains, which pose an additional burden to the competitiveness of the countries. This structure aims to give insight on the current situation in South America's LLDC'S in relation to the five priority areas in the ALMATY Programme (2003).

Transit Policy and regulatory framework
Infrastructure development
Trade and transport facilitation
Development assistance
Implementation and Review

  • Type:

    Authored Book

  • Date:

    28 February 2009

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    ECLAC/ United Nations

  • Library of Congress:

    HE Transportation and Communications

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    388 Transportation; ground transportation


Wilmsmeier, G. & Sánchez, R. (2009). Landlocked countries in South America: transport system challenges. ECLAC/ United Nations. ISBN 9789211216943


Andean Region; Economic integration; International trade; Landlocked states; Paraguay;South America , Trade facilitation; trade statistics; Transport; transport costs; Transport Infrastructure;

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