Research Output

Online banking in Bahrain: role of attitudes and beliefs in shaping consumer behavior toward adoption.

  The advancesin communicationa nd computert echnology and the availability
of the Internet have made it possible that people can do most of their banking
transactions from a remote location even without having the need to visit their
local branch. With the growing reputation of Bahrain as a financial centre in
the Arabian Gulf region, existing banks face intensive competition from new
comers which made the banking industry in Bahrain opt for a more aggressive
approach in the development of new online banking services.
This thesis reports key findings from an empirical study of the Bahraini
banking customer experiences with the adoption of online banking. It
provides an understanding of what and how the specific factors influence the
decision making process of the bank customers whether or not to bank on the
Internet in the Bahraini context. It utilises a theoretical model to examine the
intent to adopt online banking service. Using an amalgamated model adapted
from two models in the fields of technology research and technology
acceptance, this research analysed the relationships between the intention to
adopt online banking services and the attitude toward online banking use,
subjective norm toward online banking use, selected user perceptions
(perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived risk, perceived
behavioural control) and selected user characteristics (age and income).
A questionnaire was employed to collect the data for this research and path
analysis was used to analyse the relationships between the proposed model
variables. Out of the 13 original model hypotheses, 9 were confirmed.
However, the overall model was found to be weak in explaining the
relationships regardless of their significance. Furthermore, current non-users
were segmented and a binary logistic regression was used to predict the
possibility of future adoption among this segment. It was concluded that
about 88% of current non-users are predicted to be future online banking
users in Bahrain.
In general, the behavioural intention to adopt online banking service in
Bahrain was found to be driven primarily by attitudes toward online banking
services, and customers' perceived behavioural control. The practical and
theoretical implications of these findings are discussed. In summary, this
research helps to identify perceptions and factors that explain the intention to
adopt online banking service. These factors may be important to the banks
and policy makers who wish to encourage the widespread adoption of online banking services in Bahrain

  • Type:


  • Date:

    30 September 2008

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    HG Finance

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    332 Financial economics


Abdulrahman, L. Online banking in Bahrain: role of attitudes and beliefs in shaping consumer behavior toward adoption. (Thesis)


Online banking; Bahrain; consumer behavior; attitudes; belief;

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