Research Output

The role of inland terminal development in the hinterland access strategies of Spanish ports.

  The aim of this paper is to understand how inland terminals are developed in relation both to ports and to other inland terminals within a national system.

The paper builds on previous work developing inland terminal taxonomies and applies them to the Spanish case, with supplementary focus on the relations between the “dry port” and “extended gate” concepts. Theoretical contributions include both the importance of development direction (land-driven vs sea-driven) and the identification of an emerging spatial disparity in port development strategies between coastal and inland nodes.

In Spain, ports retain an interest in inland terminals through minority shareholdings but they are not the primary investors. The principal ports using Spanish inland terminals are Barcelona and Valencia, both of which are also developing logistics zones within their ports. Furthermore, while the ports are developing closer IT links with these inland locations, this does not necessarily indicate greater than normal levels of cooperation. A study of the Spanish system thus raises questions about whether the increasing academic focus on “dry ports” actually signals any change in strategies of port development or intermodal terminal operation. Therefore the final aim of this paper is to question the use of the “dry port” terminology

  • Type:


  • Date:

    30 November 2010

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher


  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    HE Transportation and Communications

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    387 Water, air & space transportation


Monios, J. (2010). The role of inland terminal development in the hinterland access strategies of Spanish ports. Research in transportation economics. 33, 59-66. doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2011.08.007. ISSN 0739-8859



Inland terminal; Intermodal; Dry port; Extended gate; Rail; Spain

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