Garden, C. & McLatchie, J. (2012). What Does My Turnitin Report Mean?
In this podcast Dr Claire Garden and Joan McLatchie discuss their use of Turnitin, an online text matching service. There are still many misconceptions about plagiarism detect...
Wilson, M. R., Barlow, P. G., Hutchison, G. R., Guy, K., Griffiths, A., Simpson, R. J., …Stone, V. (2004). Nanoparticle and metal interactions and their impact on lung toxicology. In Proceedings of the Ninth Annual UK Review Meeting on Outdoor and Indoor Air Pollution Research, 48-50. ISBN 1 899110 88 7
No abstract available.
Donaldson, K., Hibbs, L., Heal, M., Tran, C. L., Lightbody, J., Barlow, P. G., …Stone, V. (2003). Pro-inflammatory interactions between particles, metals and lung cells. In Effects of Air Contaminants on the Respiratory Tract - Interpretations from Molecules to Meta Analysis, 245-258. ISBN 978-3-8167-6478-6
Chief Scientists Office
We have identified the human cathelicidn LL-37 as having potent direct antiviral activity against human rhinovirus (HRV), together with the capacity to alter death pathways in HRV-infected cells, as a...
Society for Reproduction and Fertility
Does the gut microbiome play a role in polycystic ovary syndrome?
The University of Edinburgh
Neuromodulation can improve ovarian dysfunction in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is achieved by four mechanisms: i) if neural signals are involved in LH action directly their modulation may ...
Senior Lecturer, Teaching Fellow, Head of Life Sciences
Lecturer and Research Leader in Biomedical Sciences
Dean of Applied Sciences
Longbottom, D., Livingstone, M., Wheelhouse, N., Ensor, H., Rocchi, M., Maley, S., …Dalgleish, M. (2017). Pathogenic outcome following experimental infection of sheep with Chlamydia abortus variant strains LLG and POS. PLoS ONE. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0177653. ISSN 1932-6203
This study investigated the pathogenesis of two variant strains (LLG and POS) of Chlamydia abortus, in comparison to a typical wild-type strain (S26/3) which is known to be re...
Staines, K., Javaheri, B., Hohenstein, P., Fleming, R., Ikpegbu, E., Unger, E., …Farquharson, C. (in press). Hypomorphic conditional deletion of E11/Podoplanin reveals a role in osteocyte dendrite elongation. Journal of Cellular Physiology. ISSN 0021-9541
The transmembrane glycoprotein E11/Podoplanin (Pdpn) has been implicated in the initial stages of osteocyte differentiation. However, its precise function and regulatory mecha...
Giakoumelou, S., Wheelhouse, N., Brown, J., Wade, J., Simitsidellis, I., Gibson, D., …Horne, A. W. (in press). Chlamydia trachomatis infection of human endometrial stromal cells induces defective decidualisation and chemokine release. Scientific Reports
Miscarriage affects ~20% of pregnancies and 30 maternal infections account for ~15% of early miscarriages. Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) has been associated with miscarriage but ...
Boyde, A., Staines, K., Javaheri, B., Millan, J., Pitsillides, A. & Farquharson, C. (in press). A distinctive patchy osteomalacia characterises Phospho1 deficient mice. Journal of Anatomy. ISSN 0021-8782
The phosphatase PHOSPHO1 is involved in the initiation of biomineralisation. Bones in Phospho1 KO mice show histological osteomalacia with frequent bowing of long bones and sp...
Poulet, B., Liu, K., Plumb, D., Vo, P., Shah, M., Staines, K., …Bou-Gharios, G. (2016). Overexpression of TIMP-3 in Chondrocytes Produces Transient Reduction in Growth Plate Length but Permanently Reduces Adult Bone Quality and Quantity. PLoS ONE. 11(12), e0167971. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0167971. ISSN 1932-6203
Bone development and length relies on the growth plate formation, which is dependent on degradative enzymes such as MMPs. Indeed, deletion of specific members of this enzyme f...
Houston, D. A., Staines, K. A., MacRae, V. E. & Farquharson, C. (2016). Culture of Murine Embryonic Metatarsals: A Physiological Model of Endochondral Ossification. Journal of Visualized Experiments.. doi:10.3791/54978
The fundamental process of endochondral ossification is under tight regulation in the healthy individual so as to prevent disturbed development and/or longitudinal bone growth...
Wheelhouse, N., Flockhart, A., Aitchison, K., Livingstone, M., Finlayson, J., Flachon, V., …Longbottom, D. (2016). Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila. Scientific Reports. 6, 37150. doi:10.1038/srep37150. ISSN 2045-2322
Waddlia chondrophila is a Gram-negative intracellular bacterial organism that is related to classical chlamydial species and has been implicated as a cause of abortion in catt...
Ross, M., Tormey, P., Ingram, L., Simpson, R., Malone, E. & Florida-James, G. (2016). A 10 km time trial running bout acutely increases the number of angiogenic T cells in the peripheral blood compartment of healthy males: Acute exercise mobilizes angiogenic T cells. Experimental Physiology.. doi:10.1113/ep085771. ISSN 0958-0670
What is the central question of the study?
Are CD31+ angiogenic T (TANG) cells preferentially mobilized in response to acute exercise?
What is the main findin...
Dancer, S. J. (2016). Dos and don’ts for hospital cleaning. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 29(4), 415-423. doi:10.1097/qco.0000000000000289. ISSN 0951-7375
Purpose of review: More evidence is emerging on the role of cleaning and decontamination for reducing hospital-acquired infection. Timely and adequate removal of environmental...
Houston, D. A., Myers, K., MacRae, V. E., Staines, K. A. & Farquharson, C. (2016). The Expression of PHOSPHO1, nSMase2 and TNAP is Coordinately Regulated by Continuous PTH Exposure in Mineralising Osteoblast Cultures. Calcified Tissue International. 99(5), 510-524. doi:10.1007/s00223-016-0176-9. ISSN 0171-967X
Sustained exposure to high levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), as observed in hyperparathyroidism, are catabolic to bone. The increase in the RANKL/OPG ratio in response to c...
Barlow, P. G., Coyle, C., Wheelhouse, N., Jacques, M., Longbottom, D., Svoboda, P., …Colin Duncan, W. (2016). Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection. Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 117, 10-16. doi:10.1016/j.jri.2016.06.006. ISSN 0165-0378
Cationic host defence peptides (CHDP; also known as antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the immune response in the female reproductive tract. The role of the placent...
Sousa, F. H., Casanova, V., Stevens, C. & Barlow, P. G. (2016). Antiviral host defence peptides. In Epand, R. M. (Ed.). Host Defense Peptides and Their Potential as Therapeutic Agents, 57-94. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-32949-9_3. ISBN 978-3-319-32947-5
The on going global mortality and morbidity associated with viral pathogens highlights the need for the continued development of effective, novel antiviral molecules. The anti...
Undergraduate vacation scholarship application to study the legacy of prenatal programming of polycystic ovary syndrome on postnatal throid function
Medical Research Council
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common: more than one in 1 in 15 young women has this condition. There are many associated health problems including abnormal periods, miscarriages, infertility, ex...