Sweet, M. J., Brown, B. E., Dunne, R. P., Singleton, I. & Bulling, M. (2017). Evidence for rapid, tidal related shifts in the microbiome of the coral Coelastrea aspera. Coral Reefs. doi:10.1007/s00338-017-1572-y. ISSN 0722-4028
Shifts in the microbiome of the intertidal coral Coelastrea aspera (formally known as Goniastrea aspera) from Phuket, Thailand were noted over the course of a four day period ...
Hakima, A. & Ian, S. (2017). Isolation of Indigenous Hydrocarbon Transforming Bacteria from Oil Contaminated Soils in Libya: Selection for Use as Potential Inocula for Soil Bioremediation. International Journal of Environmental Bioremediation and Biodegradation. 5(1), 8-17. doi:10.12691/ijebb-5-1-2
The Libyan oil industry has left a significant legacy of contamination and methods are required to remediate oil-contaminated soils in the area. In this work hydrocarbon utili...
Wheelhouse, N., Flockhart, A., Aitchison, K., Livingstone, M., Finlayson, J., Flachon, V., …Longbottom, D. (2016). Experimental challenge of pregnant cattle with the putative abortifacient Waddlia chondrophila. Scientific Reports. 6, 37150. doi:10.1038/srep37150. ISSN 2045-2322
Waddlia chondrophila is a Gram-negative intracellular bacterial organism that is related to classical chlamydial species and has been implicated as a cause of abortion in catt...
Chief Scientists Office
We have identified the human cathelicidn LL-37 as having potent direct antiviral activity against human rhinovirus (HRV), together with the capacity to alter death pathways in HRV-infected cells, as a...
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Development of a UK-Brazil partnership to tackle fungal food spoilage and improve food security
Scottish Funding Council
The project objectives and scope are (i) to establish a knowledge base of current practice in starter culture use and possible bacteriophage-related issues in the artisanal cheese-making sector in Sco...
Reader in Immunology & Infection / Director of Research, School of Applied Sciences
Lecturer in Biomedical Science
Lecturer and Research Leader in Biomedical Sciences
Dancer, S. J. (2016). Dos and don’ts for hospital cleaning. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 29(4), 415-423. doi:10.1097/qco.0000000000000289. ISSN 0951-7375
Purpose of review: More evidence is emerging on the role of cleaning and decontamination for reducing hospital-acquired infection. Timely and adequate removal of environmental...
Barlow, P. G., Coyle, C., Wheelhouse, N., Jacques, M., Longbottom, D., Svoboda, P., …Colin Duncan, W. (2016). Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection. Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 117, 10-16. doi:10.1016/j.jri.2016.06.006. ISSN 0165-0378
Cationic host defence peptides (CHDP; also known as antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the immune response in the female reproductive tract. The role of the placent...
Sousa, F. H., Casanova, V., Stevens, C. & Barlow, P. G. (2016). Antiviral host defence peptides. In Epand, R. M. (Ed.). Host Defense Peptides and Their Potential as Therapeutic Agents, 57-94. Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-32949-9_3. ISBN 978-3-319-32947-5
The on going global mortality and morbidity associated with viral pathogens highlights the need for the continued development of effective, novel antiviral molecules. The anti...
Storrie, S., Longbottom, D., Barlow, P. G. & Wheelhouse, N. (2016). MAPK activation is essential for Waddlia chondrophila induced CXCL8 expression in human epithelial cells. PLoS ONE. 11, e0152193. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0152193. ISSN 1932-6203
Waddlia chondrophila (W. chondrophila) is an emerging agent of respiratory and reproductive
disease in humans and cattle. The organism is a member of the order Chla...
Wani, S., Maker, J., Thompson, J., Barnes, J. & Singleton, I. (2015). Effect of Ozone Treatment on Inactivation of Escherichia coli and Listeria sp. on Spinach. Agriculture. 5(2), 155-169. doi:10.3390/agriculture5020155
The efficacy of “gaseous” ozone in reducing numbers and re-growth of food-borne pathogens, (Escherichia coli and Listeria spp.), on leafy salads was investigated using spinach...
Barlow, P. G., Findlay, E. G., Currie, S. M. & Davidson, D. J. (2013). Antiviral potential of cathelicidins. Future Microbiology. 9, 55-73. doi:10.2217/fmb.13.135. ISSN 1746-0913
The global burden of morbidity and mortality arising from viral infections is high; however, the development of effective therapeutics has been slow. As our understanding of i...
Wheelhouse, N., Coyle, C., Barlow, P. G., Mitchell, S., Greub, G., Baszler, T., …Longbottom, D. (2013). Waddlia chondrophila Infects and Multiplies in Ovine Trophoblast Cells Stimulating an Inflammatory Immune Response. PLoS ONE. 9, e102386. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0102386. ISSN 1932-6203
Waddlia chondrophila (W. chondrophila) is an emerging abortifacient organism which has been identified in the placentae of humans and cattle. The organism is a mem...
Barlow, P. G., Svoboda, P., Mackellar, A., Nash, A. A., York, I. A., Pohl, J., …Donis, R. O. (2010). Antiviral activity and increased host defense against influenza infection elicited by the human cathelicidin LL-37. PLoS ONE. 6. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025333. ISSN 1932-6203
The extensive world-wide morbidity and mortality caused by influenza A viruses highlights the need for new insights into the host immune response and novel treatment approache...
Song, J., Kim, Y., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, M. J., Park, K., Donis, R. O., …Kang, S. (2010). Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single microneedle skin vaccination with virus-like particles. Antiviral research. 88, 244-247. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2010.09.001. ISSN 0166-3542
To develop a more effective vaccination method against H5N1 virus, we investigated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy after skin vaccination using microneedles coated ...
Fox, S., Wilkinson, T. S., Wheatley, P. S., Xiao, B., Morris, R. E., Sutherland, A., …Rossi, A. G. (2010). NO-loaded Zn2+-exchanged zeolite materials: A potential bifunctional anti-bacterial strategy. Acta biomaterialia. 6, 1515-1521. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.10.038. ISSN 1742-7061
Nitric oxide (NO) is important for the regulation of a number of diverse biological processes, including vascular tone, neurotransmission, inflammatory cell responsiveness, de...
Jacobson, S., Steitz, J., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, M. J., Kim, E., Okada, K., …Gambotto, A. (2009). A candidate H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccine elicits protective Immunity in mice. PLoS ONE. 5, e10492. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010492. ISSN 1932-6203
In 2009 a new pandemic disease appeared and spread globally. The recent emergence of the pandemic influenza virus H1N1 first isolated in Mexico and USA raised conce...
Barlow, P. G., Beaumont, P. E., Cosseau, C., Mackellar, A., Wilkinson, T. S., Hancock, R. E. W., …Davidson, D. J. (2009). The human cathelicidin LL-37 preferentially promotes apoptosis of infected airway epithelium. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology. 43, 692-702. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2009-0250OC. ISSN 1044-1549
Cationic host defense peptides are key, evolutionarily conserved components of the innate immune system. The human cathelicidin LL-37 is an important cationic host defense pep...