Development Planning and Transport Assessment
The module first sets out the background to transport and land use planning processes. You then study the role of masterplans, including the travel connectivity considerations. Considerable time is spent in discussing and preparing a Transport Assessment and the supporting Travel Plan for development proposals. A significant part of the time is spent on the transport infrastructure design aspects, including roads and junctions and the design of streets.
The module comprises two components.
The taught part of the module (term 2) offers an introduction to research in transport. Students learn how identify research objectives and questions linked to the existing knowledge gaps in the transport field. They develop the skills to carry out a literature review, searching for literature by means of the resources available through the University, and learn about research philosophies and methods. We exemplify research methods by focusing on surveys. We present the fundamentals of statistical inference and run some tutorials on statistical tests. Students attend research seminars, which give them the opportunity to interact with academic and professional researchers. Students have to submit a research proposal and review the proposal of a fellow student.
The second component is the development of a dissertation on a topic chosen by the students. Students work under the supervision of a member of the staff.
Issues in Freight Transport
The module is divided into four distinct but related sections. Section one provides you with an introduction to the subject, with a background to freight transport issues and an examination of the overall trends in modal splits up to the present day. Section two then considers individual modes of transport, particularly road haulage and rail freight, and the current issues and challenges facing these modes. It also considers intermodal/combined transport. Section three focuses on the international dimension, and hence greater focus is given to the global economic environment and maritime and air freight modes of transport. The fourth and final section gives far greater focus to the key challenges facing freight transport, in which you will specifically examine location issues, the development of logistics, network planning and likely future scenarios and policy directions affecting freight transport.
The module will be broken down into the following three overarching themes:
Introduction to Public Transport: - roles in society today, organisation of public transport, the bus and rail industries
Issues in Public Transport: - urban rail, social inclusion and public transport, rural public transport, long distance public transport
The Planning of Public Transport: - public transport network design, the costing of public transport operations, public transport information and ticketing
Traffic Engineering and Control
Traffic Surveys and Monitoring
-Measurement of speeds, volumes, concentrations and fundamental diagram. Automatic Monitoring, collection techniques. AADT and NRTF forecasts for traffic growth.
-Isolated junction design. Principles of saturation flow, RFCs. Assessing existing designs/new designs. Stage vs Phase based operations. Design for pedestrians. OSCADY classic and OSCADY pro software use. Advanced isolated control (MOVA), use of PCMOVA software. Ramp Metering.
Urban Traffic Control:
-Principles and purpose of area-wide coordinated design. Fixed time linking, theory of TRANSYT, traffic responsive linking (SCOOT, SCATS etc), benefits and critical review.
Intelligent Transport Systems:
-Advanced Transport telematics, automatic incident detection, route guidance systems, auto tolling, traffic and travel information systems. IVHS, auto tolling.
Site Visit/Guest Speakers:
-Visit to NADICS traffic control centre, Glasgow.
-SCOOT talk: Guest lecturer from TRL.
•Accident investigation, STATS 19, UK and worldwide trends, site selection, remedial measures, economic justification, issues in monitoring, risk compensation, road hierarchy, safety management.
•Statistical models, exposure measures, trends and comparisons, Smeed’s Law, effectiveness measures, regression to mean, accident migration, predictive models,
Safety Audits and Signage for safety:
•Practice and principle of safety audits, monitoring, traffic regulation orders (types and procedures), rules and standards for signs and markings (TSRGD).
Traffic Management Issues:
•Vulnerable road users; management of pedestrians and cyclists; traffic calming and speed management. Parking.
Transport Economics and Appraisal
In this module you will consider the basic economic problem, that of scarcity, and its relevance to transport issues. The key issue of the market v the planners is then considered, and how the basic questions of demand and supply are resolved in free and planned transport markets. Economic costs and how these are accumulated are then considered, before we study the economists’ model of perfect competition. This gives the hypothetical ‘ideal’ from which the issues of transport subsidy and regulation are considered.
Investment appraisal in the private and public sectors. Social costs and benefits: the valuation of time, accidents and other non-marketable goods. UK and EU methodologies for measuring and assessing environmental impacts (noise, vibration, pollutions, community severance, etc)
DMRB vol. 13 and other methodologies. The problems of transport integration and the allocation of resources between modes. WebTAG. International comparisons in appraisal methodologies.
The module starts by considering the process of policy making and who is responsible for transport policy e.g. supranational, central and local government structures and the role of the private sector. Problems and trends in transport demand and an introduction to policy perspectives; economic instruments in transport; taxes and subsidies, funding mechanisms, road pricing; direct regulation of street space); Land use planning and the management of transport demand; evolution of road and rail networks; rural transport policy; parking policy; town-friendly traffic planning; green commuter plans; “Smarter Choices” behavioural change measures, the mobility impaired in transport policy. Implementation and evaluation of transport policy. Case studies of transport policy and planning approaches in various International cities.
Transport Research Methods
The module will be broken down into the following three components:
- Part 1 content concentrates on issues relevant for the research process from developing research ideas to writing research projects: Research paradigms and methodologies; Research strategy definition and assessment; Literature review.
- Part 2 focuses on some research methods, e.g. survey through questionnaires and qualitative research methods such as focus groups and interviews.
- Part 3 provides insights on fundamentals of inferential statistics and tutorials on the use of common statistical software packages (e.g. SPSS or R).
Transport and Traffic Models
The module is divided into three parts including a total of 14 units. The contents of these units are as follows:
Part 1: Introduction to transport planning and modelling
This section includes introduction to transport planning and modelling and types of data collection.
Part 2: Transport and Traffic Models
This section includes trip generation techniques; trip distribution modelling (growth factor and synthetic techniques); modal choice modelling, Traffic flow theory, Microscopic simulation models, Random models of traffic and queuing models.
Part 3: Assignment and Route Choice Models
This part includes route choice studies; traffic assignment models (including capacity restrained and stochastic methods); elastic demand methods; matrix estimation. Overview of currently used transport modelling software. Practical experience with software (generation, modal split and assignment)