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29 results

Citrullination Alters the Antiviral and Immunomodulatory Activities of the Human Cathelicidin LL-37 During Rhinovirus Infection

Journal Article
Casanova, V., Sousa, F. H., Shakamuri, P., Svoboda, P., Buch, C., D'Acremont, M., …Barlow, P. G. (in press)
Citrullination Alters the Antiviral and Immunomodulatory Activities of the Human Cathelicidin LL-37 During Rhinovirus Infection. Frontiers in Immunology, 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.00085
Human rhinoviruses (HRV) are the most common cause of viral respiratory tract infections. While normally mild and self-limiting in healthy adults, HRV infections are associate...

The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK

Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Casanova, V., Kemp, S., Staines, K. A., Satsangi, J., Barlow, P. G., …Stevens, C. (2019)
The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 25(9), 1481-1496. https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izz039
Background Genetic studies have strongly linked autophagy to Crohn's disease (CD) and stimulating autophagy in CD patients may be therapeutically beneficial. The aim of this s...

The type III intermediate filament vimentin regulates organelle distribution and modulates autophagy

Journal Article
Biskou, O., Casanova, V., Hooper, K., Kemp, S., Wright, G. P., Satsangi, J., …Stevens, C. (2019)
The type III intermediate filament vimentin regulates organelle distribution and modulates autophagy. PLoS ONE, 14(1), e0209665. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0209665
The cytoskeletal protein vimentin plays a key role in positioning of organelles within the cytosol and has been linked to the regulation of numerous cellular processes includi...

Interactions Between Autophagy and the Unfolded Protein Response: Implications for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Barlow, P. G., Henderson, P., & Stevens, C. (in press)
Interactions Between Autophagy and the Unfolded Protein Response: Implications for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, doi:10.1093/ibd/izy380
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis, is characterised by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Aetiology...

Antiviral therapeutic approaches for human rhinovirus infections

Journal Article
Casanova, V., Sousa, F. H., Stevens, C., & Barlow, P. G. (2018)
Antiviral therapeutic approaches for human rhinovirus infections. Future Virology, https://doi.org/10.2217/fvl-2018-0016
Human rhinoviruses (RV) are the primary etiological agent of the common cold. This infection can be mild and self-limiting in immunocompetent hosts, but can be associated wit...

Carbon Nanoparticles Inhibit the Antimicrobial Activities of the Human Cathelicidin LL-37 through Structural Alteration

Journal Article
Findlay, F., Pohl, J., Svoboda, P., Shakamuri, P., McLean, K., Inglis, N. F., …Barlow, P. G. (2017)
Carbon Nanoparticles Inhibit the Antimicrobial Activities of the Human Cathelicidin LL-37 through Structural Alteration. Journal of Immunology, 199(7), 2483-2490. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1700706
Host defense peptides, also known as antimicrobial peptides, are key elements of innate host defense. One host defense peptide with well-characterized antimicrobial activity i...

Cathelicidins display conserved direct antiviral activity towards rhinovirus.

Journal Article
Sousa, F. H., Casanova, V., Findlay, F., Stevens, C., Svoboda, P., Pohl, J., …Barlow, P. G. (2017)
Cathelicidins display conserved direct antiviral activity towards rhinovirus. Peptides, 95, 76-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2017.07.013
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are the most common cause of viral respiratory tract infections, and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised ind...

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drugs: A Focus on Autophagy

Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Barlow, P. G., Stevens, C., & Henderson, P. (2017)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drugs: A Focus on Autophagy. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, 11(1), 118-127. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw127
Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Medications such as corticosteroids, thiopurines, immunomodulators and...

Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection

Journal Article
Coyle, C., Wheelhouse, N., Jacques, M., Longbottom, D., Svoboda, P., Pohl, J., …Barlow, P. G. (2016)
Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection. Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 117, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jri.2016.06.006
Cationic host defence peptides (CHDP; also known as antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the immune response in the female reproductive tract. The role of the placent...

Cationic host defense peptides; novel antimicrobial therapeutics against Category A pathogens and emerging infections

Journal Article
Findlay, F., Proudfoot, L., Stevens, C., & Barlow, P. G. (2016)
Cationic host defense peptides; novel antimicrobial therapeutics against Category A pathogens and emerging infections. Pathogens and Global Health, 110(4-5), 137-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/20477724.2016.1195036
Cationic Host Defense Peptides (HDP, also known as antimicrobial peptides) are crucial components of the innate immune system and possess broad-spectrum antibacterial, antivir...
7 results

Host Defence Peptides as novel modulators of autophagy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

2019 - 2022
Increasing numbers of patients are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) each year, both in the United Kingdom and worldwide. Most drugs in current use for the treatment of IBD target the im...
Funder: The Daphne Jackson Trust | Value: £83,167

EEID travel award: Understanding transmission dynamics for bacterial zoonoses in humans, goats and camels among pastoral communities in Northern Kenya

2019 - 2019
EEID travel award: Understanding transmission dynamics for bacterial zoonoses in humans, goats and camels among pastoral communities in Northern Kenya
Funder: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council | Value: £1,960

Cathelicidins as Novel Therapeutic Antivirals for Dengue Infection

2019 - 2022
A significant challenge faced by modern society is the lack of therapeutics for a large number of infections, particularly those that are endemic or widely spread in developing countries. Dengue is on...
Funder: Medical Research Council | Value: £269,873

TRANSFORM - Education reform project – Improving Research capability in the Sri Lankan Higher Education sector.

2018 - 2019
TRANSFORM - Education reform project – Improving Research capability in the Sri Lankan Higher Education sector.
Funder: British Council | Value: £75,000

Electrolysed Water for Post-Harvest Washing (JadooJal)

2017 - 2019
assist the development of a novel electrolysed water based application to reduce spoilage and microbial contamination of a variety of fresh produce types of importance to Indian commerce.
Funder: Innovate UK | Value: £231,163

Cathelicidins as novel therapeutic antiviral agents in Rhinovirus infection

2015 - 2017
We have identified the human cathelicidn LL-37 as having potent direct antiviral activity against human rhinovirus (HRV), together with the capacity to alter death pathways in HRV-infected cells, as a...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £163,152

The Antiviral activities of the cationic host defence peptide LL-37 against Rhinovirus

2013 - 2014
A pump-priming proposal designed to investigate the potential for LL-37, a human cationic host defence peptide, to inhibit Rhinovirus infection and/or target cells infected with Rhinovirus for inducti...
Funder: Tenovus Scotland
18 results

Training load, injury and performance in professional football

2019 - date
Francesco Aiello | Director of Studies: Dr Susan Brown | Second Supervisor: Dr Alan McCall

Modulation of autophagy by thiopurines

2018 - date
Connan Masson | Director of Studies: Dr Craig Stevens | Second Supervisor: Prof Peter Barlow

Development of a novel three-dimensional (3D) culture system to understand bone: cartilage crosstalk in osteoarthritis

2018 - date
David Hughes | Director of Studies: Dr Craig Stevens | Second Supervisor: Dr Craig Stevens

Regulatory T-cells: a new therapeutic strategy for osteoarthritis (OA)?

2018 - date
Raquel Lopera-Burgueno | Director of Studies: Dr Graham Wright | Second Supervisor: Prof Peter Barlow

Generating ag-specific human regulatory T-cells by TCR gene transfer for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

2017 - 2018
Victoria Riddell | Director of Studies: Dr Graham Wright | Second Supervisor: Prof Peter Barlow

Concussion injury patterns in elite Scottish Rugby Union

2017 - date
Stuart Bailey | Director of Studies: Dr Debbie Palmer | Second Supervisor: Dr Russell Martindale

Cationic Host Defence Peptides as novel therapeutics for Chlamydia infection

2016 - 2018
Beatriz Cozar Fernandez | Director of Studies: Prof Peter Barlow | Second Supervisor: Dr Nick Wheelhouse

The role of exercise and age on vitamin D metabolism

2015 - 2019
My main area of research interest is the role of exercise and ageing on vitamin D metabolism. Scotland is identified as a vitamin D deficient nation...
Dr Hannah Margaret Lithgow | Director of Studies: Dr Melanie Leggate | Second Supervisor: Prof Geraint Florida-James

Investigation of new actinomycele bacteria for the biodesulpurisation of diesel fuel

2014 - date
Selva Athi Narayanan | Director of Studies: Dr Fiona Stainsby | Second Supervisor: Prof Nick Christofi

The effects of Inflammatory Bowel Disease drugs on the autophagy pathway

2014 - 2019
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which includes Crohn’s disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis, is characterised by chronic inflam...
Kirsty Hooper | Director of Studies: Dr Craig Stevens | Second Supervisor: Prof Peter Barlow