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Professor of Immunology & Infection / Head of Research, School of Applied Sciences
Song, J., Kim, Y., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, M. J., Park, K., Donis, R. O., …Kang, S. (2010). Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single vaccination with virus-like particles in skin using microneedles. Antiviral Research, 88(2), 244-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2010.09.001
To develop a more effective vaccination method against H5N1 virus, we investigated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy after skin vaccination using microneedles coated ...
Barlow, P. G. The Effects of Air Pollution Particles on Clearance Mechanisms Within the LUng. (Thesis). Edinburgh Napier University. Retrieved from http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/1052591
The effects of inhaled aIr pollution particles on lung clearance mechanisms is an important factor in understanding how the mammalian lung deals with such pollutants and, as s...
Findlay, F., Pohl, J., Svoboda, P., Shakamuri, P., McLean, K., Inglis, N. F., …Barlow, P. G. (2017). Carbon Nanoparticles Inhibit the Antimicrobial Activities of the Human Cathelicidin LL-37 through Structural Alteration. Journal of Immunology, 199(7), 2483-2490. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1700706
Host defense peptides, also known as antimicrobial peptides, are key elements of innate host defense. One host defense peptide with well-characterized antimicrobial activity i...
Development of a reliable methodology for better risk management of engineered biomaterials in Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products and/or Medical Devices.
BIORIMA stands for Biomaterial Risk Manageme...
Chief Scientists Office
We have identified the human cathelicidn LL-37 as having potent direct antiviral activity against human rhinovirus (HRV), together with the capacity to alter death pathways in HRV-infected cells, as a...
Centre for Environment Fisheries & Aquaculture Science
In an attempt to better understand the impact of nanomaterials on waste water treatment, the University will undertake a purposeful environmental hazard assessment, whereby the focus will be to assess...
Sousa, F. H., Casanova, V., Findlay, F., Stevens, C., Svoboda, P., Pohl, J., …Barlow, P. G. (2017). Cathelicidins display conserved direct antiviral activity towards rhinovirus. Peptides, 95, 76-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2017.07.013
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are the most common cause of viral respiratory tract infections, and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised ind...
Coyle, C., Wheelhouse, N., Jacques, M., Longbottom, D., Svoboda, P., Pohl, J., …Barlow, P. G. (2016). Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection. Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 117, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jri.2016.06.006
Cationic host defence peptides (CHDP; also known as antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the immune response in the female reproductive tract. The role of the placent...
Storrie, S., Longbottom, D., Barlow, P. G., & Wheelhouse, N. (2016). MAPK Activation Is Essential for Waddlia chondrophila Induced CXCL8 Expression in Human Epithelial Cells. PLOS ONE, 11(3), e0152193. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152193
Waddlia chondrophila (W. chondrophila) is an emerging agent of respiratory and reproductive disease in humans and cattle. The organism is a member of the order Chla...
Wheelhouse, N., Coyle, C., Barlow, P. G., Mitchell, S., Greub, G., Baszler, T., …Longbottom, D. (2014). Waddlia chondrophila Infects and Multiplies in Ovine Trophoblast Cells Stimulating an Inflammatory Immune Response. PLOS ONE, 9(7), e102386. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102386
Waddlia chondrophila (W. chondrophila) is an emerging abortifacient organism which has been identified in the placentae of humans and cattle. The organism is a mem...
Barlow, P. G., Findlay, E. G., Currie, S. M., & Davidson, D. J. (2014). Antiviral potential of cathelicidins. Future Microbiology, 9(1), (55-73). doi:10.2217/fmb.13.135. ISSN 1746-0913
The global burden of morbidity and mortality arising from viral infections is high; however, the development of effective therapeutics has been slow. As our understanding of i...
Prach, M., Stone, V. & Proudfoot, L. (2012). Zinc oxide nanoparticles and monocytes: Impact of size, charge and solubility on activation status. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 266(1), 19-26. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2012.10.020. ISSN 0041-008X
Zinc oxide (ZnO) particle induced cytotoxicity was dependent on size, charge and solubility, factors which at sublethal concentrations may influence the activation of the huma...
Barlow, P. G., Svoboda, P., Mackellar, A., Nash, A. A., York, I. A., Pohl, J., …Donis, R. O. (2011). Antiviral Activity and Increased Host Defense against Influenza Infection Elicited by the Human Cathelicidin LL-37. PLOS ONE, 6(10), e25333. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025333
The extensive world-wide morbidity and mortality caused by influenza A viruses highlights the need for new insights into the host immune response and novel treatment approache...
Barlow, P. G., Beaumont, P. E., Cosseau, C., Mackellar, A., Wilkinson, T. S., Hancock, R. E. W., …Davidson, D. J. (2010). The Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Preferentially Promotes Apoptosis of Infected Airway Epithelium. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 43(6), 692-702. https://doi.org/10.1165/rcmb.2009-0250oc
Cationic host defense peptides are key, evolutionarily conserved components of the innate immune system. The human cathelicidin LL-37 is an important cationic host defense pep...
Steitz, J., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, J., Kim, E., Okada, K., Kenniston, T., …Gambotto, A. (2010). A Candidate H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Elicits Protective Immunity in Mice. PLOS ONE, 5(5), e10492. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010492
In 2009 a new pandemic disease appeared and spread globally. The recent emergence of the pandemic influenza virus H1N1 first isolated in Mexico and USA raised conce...
Fox, S., Wilkinson, T. S., Wheatley, P. S., Xiao, B., Morris, R. E., Sutherland, A., …Rossi, A. G. (2010). NO-loaded Zn2+-exchanged zeolite materials: A potential bifunctional anti-bacterial strategy. Acta biomaterialia, 6(4), (1515-1521). doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.10.038. ISSN 1742-7061
Nitric oxide (NO) is important for the regulation of a number of diverse biological processes, including vascular tone, neurotransmission, inflammatory cell responsiveness, de...
Li, H., Barlow, P. G., Bylund, J., Mackellar, A., Björstad, Å., Conlon, J., …Davidson, D. J. (2009). Secondary necrosis of apoptotic neutrophils induced by the human cathelicidin LL-37 is not proinflammatory to phagocytosing macrophages. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 86(4), 891-902. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.0209050
Cathelicidins are CHDP with essential roles in innate host defense but also more recently associated with the pathogenesis of certain chronic diseases. These peptides have mic...
Barlow, P. G., Brown, D. M., Donaldson, K., MacCallum, J., & Stone, V. (2008). Reduced alveolar macrophage migration induced by acute ambient particle (PM10) exposure. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 24(3), (243-252). doi:10.1007/s10565-007-9033-y. ISSN 0742-2091
Increased levels of particulate air pollution (PM10) have been implicated as a causal agent in pulmonary disease exacerbation and increased deaths from respiratory and cardiov...