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Design of a New Peptide Substrate Probe of the Putative Biomarker Legumain with Potential Application in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis ex vivo

Journal Article
Mathur, S., Turnbull, A., Akaev, I., Stevens, C., Agrawal, N., Chopra, M., & Mincher, D. (in press)
Design of a New Peptide Substrate Probe of the Putative Biomarker Legumain with Potential Application in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis ex vivo. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10989-019-09994-1
The lysosomal endoprotease legumain (asparaginyl endoprotease) has been proposed as a putative biomarker in prostate tumours, in which the enzyme is markedly overexpressed. Ov...

In situ characterization of nanoscale strains in loaded whole joints via synchrotron X-ray tomography

Journal Article
Madi, K., Staines, K., Bay, B., Javaheri, B., Geng, H., Bodey, A., …Lee, P. (2019)
In situ characterization of nanoscale strains in loaded whole joints via synchrotron X-ray tomography. Nature Biomedical Engineering, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41551-019-0477-1
Imaging techniques for quantifying changes in the hierarchical structure of deforming joints are constrained by destructive sample treatments, sample-size restrictions and len...

Raman spectroscopy links differentiating osteoblast matrix signatures to pro-angiogenic potential

Journal Article
Sharma, A., Goring, A., Staines, K., Emery, R., Pitsillides, A. A., Oreffo, R. O., …Clarkin, C. E. (in press)
Raman spectroscopy links differentiating osteoblast matrix signatures to pro-angiogenic potential. Matrix Biology Plus, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mbplus.2019.100018
Mineralization of bone is achieved by the sequential maturation of the immature amorphous calcium phase to mature hydroxyapatite and is central to the process of bone developm...

Conditional deletion of E11/podoplanin in bone protects against load-induced osteoarthritis

Journal Article
Staines, K., Ikpegbu, E., Törnqvist, A., Dillon, S., Javaheri, B., Amin, A. K., …Farquharson, C. (in press)
Conditional deletion of E11/podoplanin in bone protects against load-induced osteoarthritis. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 20, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-019-2731-9
Background: Subchondral bone (SCB) thickening is one of the earliest detectable changes in osteoarthritic joints and is considered a potential trigger for subsequent articular...

Understanding the attitudes and acceptability of extra-genital Chlamydia testing in young women: evaluation of a feasibility study

Journal Article
Brown, S., Paterson, C., Dougall, N., Cameron, S., & Wheelhouse, N. (in press)
Understanding the attitudes and acceptability of extra-genital Chlamydia testing in young women: evaluation of a feasibility study. BMC Public Health, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7313-0
Background Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the UK. Recent studies suggest that in addition to the genital...

Applied anatomy and physiology and the renal disease process

Book Chapter
Chalmers, C. (2019)
Applied anatomy and physiology and the renal disease process. In Renal nursing: Care and management of people with kidney disease, 21-58. (5). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119413172.ch2
This chapter provides the reader with a detailed discussion of all aspects of renal physiology and its relationship to important pathophysiological processes in renal disease,...

How to build a bone: PHOSPHO1, biomineralization and beyond

Journal Article
Dillon, S., Staines, K. A., Millán, J. L., & Farquharson, C. (2019)
How to build a bone: PHOSPHO1, biomineralization and beyond. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research Plus, 3(7), https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm4.10202
Since its characterization two decades ago, the phosphatase PHOSPHO1 has been the subject of an increasing focus of research. This work has elucidated PHOSPHO1’s central role ...

Tracking Staphylococcus aureus in the intensive care unit using Whole-Genome Sequencing

Journal Article
Dancer, S. J., Adams, C. E., Smith, J., Pichon, B., Kearns, A., & Morrison, D. (2019)
Tracking Staphylococcus aureus in the intensive care unit using Whole-Genome Sequencing. Journal of Hospital Infection, 103(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.016
Background: Staphylococcus aureus remains an important bacterial pathogen worldwide. This study utilized known staphylococcal epidemiology to track S. aureus between different...

The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK

Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Casanova, V., Kemp, S., Staines, K. A., Satsangi, J., Barlow, P. G., …Stevens, C. (2019)
The inflammatory bowel disease drug azathioprine induces autophagy via mTORC1 and the unfolded protein response sensor PERK. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 25(9), 1481-1496. https://doi.org/10.1093/ibd/izz039
Background Genetic studies have strongly linked autophagy to Crohn's disease (CD) and stimulating autophagy in CD patients may be therapeutically beneficial. The aim of this s...

The Ex Vivo Organ Culture of Bone

Book Chapter
Staines, K. A., Brown, G., & Farquharson, C. (2019)
The Ex Vivo Organ Culture of Bone. In Bone Research Protocols, 199-215. Humana Press Springer. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-8997-3_10
The ex vivo organ culture of bone provides many of the advantages of both the whole organism and isolated cell strategies and can deliver valuable insight into the network of ...
26 results

Prevalence of Brucellosis and Q-fever in livestock within the Ashanti region of Ghana

2020 - 2020
To determine the seroprevalence of abortifacient zoonoses (Brucellosis and Coxiellosis) in small ruminants within the Ashanti region of Ghana
Funder: Microbiology Society | Value: £2,530

Host Defence Peptides as novel modulators of autophagy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

2019 - 2022
Increasing numbers of patients are diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) each year, both in the United Kingdom and worldwide. Most drugs in current use for the treatment of IBD target the im...
Funder: The Daphne Jackson Trust | Value: £83,167

EEID travel award: Understanding transmission dynamics for bacterial zoonoses in humans, goats and camels among pastoral communities in Northern Kenya

2019 - 2019
EEID travel award: Understanding transmission dynamics for bacterial zoonoses in humans, goats and camels among pastoral communities in Northern Kenya
Funder: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council | Value: £1,960

Can exposure to excess androgen during fetal life increase risk of hepatic disease in male offspring?

2019 - 2019
Background Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition. Hyperandrogenaemia characterises PCOS, and is considered an ‘in utero environmental programmer’ of PCOS in female offspring. Male o...
Funder: Society for Reproduction and Fertility | Value: £3,000

Cathelicidins as Novel Therapeutic Antivirals for Dengue Infection

2019 - 2022
A significant challenge faced by modern society is the lack of therapeutics for a large number of infections, particularly those that are endemic or widely spread in developing countries. Dengue is on...
Funder: Medical Research Council | Value: £269,873

Bacteriophage endolysins and novel lipid-degrading proteins as a treatment for Rhodococcus equi infections in foals

2018 - 2019
Rhodococcus equi (Req) is responsible for severe respiratory disease of foals with a major economic impact on the equine industry, and can be endemic on stud farms. In foals under 6 months of age, thi...
Funder: Horserace Betting Levy Board | Value: £10,832

Osteoarthritis: Going back to basics

2018 - 2021
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most important ageing-related musculoskeletal disease, affecting almost 9 million people in the UK. Despite this, there remain many unanswered questions in our understanding...
Funder: Medical Research Council | Value: £351,321

Rutherford fund Strategic Partner Grant

2018 - 2019
Rutherford Fellows, will work in project areas related to food safety (Pathogen detection, AMR etc) and food spoilage. Rutherford Fund, are funded by BEIS and the scheme is being managed by Universit...
Funder: Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy | Value: £39,800

Development of a novel 3D culture system to understand bone:cartilage crosstalk in osteoarthritis

2018 - 2022
Osteoarthritis affects more than 9 million people in the UK and is the leading cause of disability. In osteoarthritis, joint tissues (cartilage and bone) undergo structural damage which ultimately pro...
Funder: Medical Research Scotland | Value: £128,430

Ranking novel immune-modulating therapeutics for progression to clinical development

2018 - 2019
Ranking novel immune-modulating therapeutics for progression to clinical development
Funder: Scottish Funding Council | Value: £4,987