Research Output

Application areas of AIS: the past, present and future.

  After a decade of research into the area of artificial immune systems, it is worthwhile to take a step back and reflect on the contributions that the
paradigm has brought to the application areas to which it has been applied. Undeniably, there have been a lot of successful stories—however, if the
field is to advance in the future and really carve out its own distinctive niche, then it is necessary to be able to illustrate that there are clear benefits to
be obtained by applying this paradigm rather than others. This paper attempts to take stock of the application areas that have been tackled in the
past, and ask the difficult question ‘‘was it worth it ?’’. We then attempt to suggest a set of problem features that we believe will allow the true
potential of the immunological system to be exploited in computational systems, and define a unique niche for AIS

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 December 2007

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Elsevier/ Science Direct

  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA76 Computer software

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    006.3 Artificial intelligence


Hart, E. & Timmis, J. (2007). Application areas of AIS: the past, present and future. Applied soft computing. 8, 191-201. doi:10.1016/j.asoc.2006.12.004. ISSN 1568-4946



Artificial immune systems; applications;

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