Research Output

Block-Sparse Coding Based Machine Learning Approach for Dependable Device-Free Localization in IoT Environment

  Device-free localization (DFL) locates targets without equipping with wireless devices or tag under the Internet-of-Things (IoT) architectures. As an emerging technology, DFL has spawned extensive applications in IoT environment, such as intrusion detection, mobile robot localization, and location-based services. Current DFL-related machine learning (ML) algorithms still suffer from low localization accuracy and weak dependability/robustness because the group structure has not been considered in their location estimation, which leads to a undependable process. To overcome these challenges, we propose in this work a dependable block-sparse scheme by particularly considering the group structure of signals. An accurate and robust ML algorithm named block-sparse coding with the proximal operator (BSCPO) is proposed for DFL. In addition, a severe Gaussian noise is added in the original sensing signals for preserving network-related privacy as well as improving the dependability of model. The real-world data-driven experimental results show that the proposed BSCPO achieves robust localization and signal-recovery performance even under severely noisy conditions and outperforms state-of-the-art DFL methods. For single-target localization, BSCPO retains high accuracy when the signal-to-noise ratio exceeds-10 dB. BSCPO is also able to localize accurately under most multitarget localization test cases.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    26 August 2020

  • Publication Status:

    In Press

  • DOI:


  • Funders:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China; New Funder


Zhao, L., Huang, H., Su, C., Ding, S., Huang, H., Tan, Z., & Li, Z. (in press). Block-Sparse Coding Based Machine Learning Approach for Dependable Device-Free Localization in IoT Environment. IEEE Internet of Things,



Device-Free Localization; Internet of Things; Machine Learning; Block; Sparse Coding; Multiple Targets

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