Research Output

Environmental Management in India: Recent Challenges to the Indian Forest Service

  This paper examines the impact of various social, economic and political changes on the work of the Indian Forest Service, the elite organization concerned with environmental management in India. It is noted that whilst many leading authors criticize this organization, nobody has taken the time to analyse the role of the Indian Forest Service and the way it has responded to the many challenges it has faced in the last 20 years. This paper seeks to rectify this by focusing on three key challenges: (1) due to economic liberalization the actual work that the forest officer is expected to undertake has changed beyond recognition; (2) political manipulation and correspondingly accusations of corruption have increased; (3) social changes and their impact on recruitment into the Indian Forest Service. It is concluded that, despite the many challenges which the Indian Forest Service has faced over the years, it is remarkably resilient and remains the most powerful agent in rural India.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 March 1999

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Informa UK Limited

  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    HD28 Management. Industrial Management

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    658 General management


Hannam, K. (1999). Environmental Management in India: Recent Challenges to the Indian Forest Service. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 42(2), 221-233.



Geography, Planning and Development; Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; General Environmental Science; Water Science and Technology; Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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