Research Output
Getting the Picture: Iconicity Does Not Affect Representation-Referent Confusion
  Three experiments examined 3- to 5-year-olds' (N = 428) understanding of the relationship between pictorial iconicity (photograph, colored drawing, schematic drawing) and the real world referent. Experiments 1 and 2 explored pictorial iconicity in picture-referent confusion after the picture-object relationship has been established. Pictorial iconicity had no effect on referential confusion when the referent changed after the picture had been taken/drawn (Experiment 1) and when the referent and the picture were different from the outset (Experiment 2). Experiment 3 investigated whether children are sensitive to iconicity to begin with. Children deemed photographs from a choice of varying iconicity representations as best representations for object reference. Together, findings suggest that iconicity plays a role in establishing a picture-object relation per se but is irrelevant once children have accepted that a picture represents an object. The latter finding may reflect domain general representational abilities.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    23 September 2014

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  • Publisher

    Public Library of Science (PLoS)

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  • Funders:

    Historic Funder (pre-Worktribe)


Wimmer, M. C., Robinson, E. J., Koenig, L., & Corder, E. (2014). Getting the Picture: Iconicity Does Not Affect Representation-Referent Confusion. PLOS ONE, 9, e107910--e107910.


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