Research Output

Intrusion Detection Framework for the Internet of Things Using a Dense Random Neural Network

  The Internet of Things (IoT) devices, networks, and applications have become an integral part of modern societies. Despite their social, economic, and industrial benefits, these devices and networks are frequently targeted by cybercriminals. Hence, IoT applications and networks demand lightweight, fast, and flexible security solutions to overcome these challenges. In this regard, artificial-intelligence-based solutions with Big Data analytics can produce promising results in the field of cybersecurity. This article proposes a lightweight dense random neural network (DnRaNN) for intrusion detection in the IoT. The proposed scheme is well suited for implementation in resource-constrained IoT networks due to its inherent improved generalization capabilities and distributed nature. The suggested model was evaluated by conducting extensive experiments on a new generation IoT security dataset ToN_IoT. All the experiments were conducted under different hyperparameters and the efficiency of the proposed DnRaNN was evaluated through multiple performance metrics. The findings of the proposed study provide recommendations and insights in binary class and multiclass scenarios. The proposed DnRaNN model attained attack detection accuracy of 99.14% and 99.05% for binary class and multiclass classifications, respectively.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    24 November 2021

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  • Publisher

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

  • DOI:


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  • Funders:

    EPSRC IAA; King Khalid University


Latif, S., Huma, Z. E., Jamal, S. S., Ahmed, F., Ahmad, J., Zahid, A., …Abbasi, Q. H. (2022). Intrusion Detection Framework for the Internet of Things Using a Dense Random Neural Network. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 18(9), 6435-6444.



Cybersecurity, deep learning, dense random neural network (DnRaNN), Internet of Things (IoT), intrusion detection

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