Research Output

Parabens Permeation through Biological Membranes: A Comparative Study Using Franz Cell Diffusion System and Biomimetic Liquid Chromatography

  Parabens (PBs) are used as preservatives to extend the shelf life of various foodstuffs, and pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations. In this work, the membrane barrier passage potential of a subset of seven parabens, i.e., methyl-, ethyl-, propyl- isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, and benzyl paraben, along with their parent compound, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, were studied. Thus, the Franz cell diffusion (FDC) method, biomimetic liquid chromatography (BLC), and in silico prediction were performed to evaluate the soundness of both describing their permeation through the skin. While BLC allowed the achievement of a full scale of affinity for membrane phospholipids of the PBs under research, the permeation of parabens through Franz diffusion cells having a carbon chain > ethyl could not be measured in a fully aqueous medium, i.e., permeation enhancer-free conditions. Our results support that BLC and in silico prediction alone can occasionally be misleading in the permeability potential assessment of these preservatives, emphasizing the need for a multi-technique and integrated experimental approach.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    01 July 2022

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    MDPI AG

  • DOI:

    10.3390/molecules27134263

  • Cross Ref:

    10.3390/molecules27134263

  • Funders:

    Italian Ministry of Health

Citation

Neri, I., Laneri, S., Di Lorenzo, R., Dini, I., Russo, G., & Grumetto, L. (2022). Parabens Permeation through Biological Membranes: A Comparative Study Using Franz Cell Diffusion System and Biomimetic Liquid Chromatography. Molecules, 27(13), Article 4263. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27134263

Authors

Keywords

parabens; investigative toxicology; skin; Franz cell; lipophilicity; chromatography approach; immobilized artificial membrane

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