Research Output

Quantifying the relative effect of environmental contamination on surgical ward MRSA incidence: An exploratory analysis

  Background: To investigate and quantify the contribution of environmental contamination towards methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) incidence observed in a hospital ward using stochastic modelling. Methods: A non-homogeneous Poisson process model was developed to investigate the relationship between environmental contamination and MRSA incidence in a UK surgical ward during a cleaning intervention study. The model quantified the fractional risks (FRs) from colonised patients, environmental contamination and a generic background source as a measure of their relative importance in describing the observed MRSA incidence. Results: While the background source remained the most likely MRSA acquisition source for this ward (as measured by the FRs), environmental contamination was the second most likely source, ahead of colonised patients in the ward. The relative importance of environmental contamination was smaller in the enhanced cleaning period compared with the normal cleaning period, albeit with notable variability in the estimates.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    31 March 2018

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Elsevier BV

  • DOI:

    10.1016/j.idh.2018.02.005

  • Cross Ref:

    S2468045118300221

  • ISSN:

    2468-0451

  • Library of Congress:

    QR Microbiology

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    579 Microorganisms, fungi & algae

  • Funders:

    National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia

Citation

Lee, X. J., Pettitt, A. N., & Dancer, S. J. (2018). Quantifying the relative effect of environmental contamination on surgical ward MRSA incidence: An exploratory analysis. Infection, Disease & Health, doi:10.1016/j.idh.2018.02.005. ISSN 2468-0451

Authors

Keywords

Health facility environment; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; Stochastic processes

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