Research Output

Recognition of simple gestures using a PIR sensor array.

  We present an approach that is intended for simple gesture control using a relatively inexpensive pyroelectric array detector. The detector is manufactured using standard wafer processing techniques. It consists of a 16 element passive infrared sensor array that responds to changing infrared signals, such as are generated by a hand moving at a distance of some tens of centimetres in front of the array. There is quite a large variation in the responsivity of the pixels within the array, but despite that it is relatively easy to use differential signals from the array or to apply a simplified version of an image processing algorithm to track movement in front of the detector. We have developed a prototype system that can recognise hand movements in different directions in front of the detector. This has allowed us to develop a demonstrator system that can be used to control, for instance, a PowerPoint presentation by gesture.

  • Type:


  • Publication Status:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    621.36 Optical engineering including lasers & fibre optics


Wojtczuk, P., Armitage, A., Binnie, D. & Chamberlain, T. (2011). Recognition of simple gestures using a PIR sensor array. Sensors & transducers. 14, 83-94. ISSN 1726-5479



Touchless interfaces; Dynamic hand gesture; Gesture recognition; Infrared motion sensors; Passive infrared sensors

Monthly Views:

Available Documents