Research Output

What makes a nursing home homely? A Scottish based study, using Q methodology of the perceptions of staff, residents and significant others.

  Background: A ‘homely’ nursing or care home is of international interest and comes from a
wide variety of academic disciplines and from policy makers and charities. However, ‘homeliness’
is a dynamic and complex concept and one worthy of further investigation.
Aims: (a) To explore what is meant by ‘homely’ in the care home environment, (b) to explore
whether a ‘homely’ care home is a priority in the expressed views of residents, staff and visitors,
and (c) to explore features contributing to the creation of homeliness in the care home
environment.
Method: A mixed methodology was used – a narrative literature review, an environmental
assessment using the Sheffield care environment assessment matrix (SCEAM) tool and Q
methodology. Participants (n¼16) included staff, residents and their relatives from care homes
in the west of Scotland.
Results: The literature review generated eight themes: home as space; home as place, design
features, homeliness, the outdoors, home and identity, dementia design and specific rooms. The
SCEAM revealed that homely environments supported personalisation, safety and health, privacy,
community, comfort and awareness, choice and staff accommodation. The Q method revealed
three factors: standards driven, making the most of it and a sense of belonging.
Discussion: The results showed that staff and relatives placed priority on features included in
national standards of care, while residents placed more importance on a feeling of belonging.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    07 November 2017

  • Publication Status:

    Accepted

  • DOI:

    10.1177/1744987118757837

  • ISSN:

    1744-9871

  • Library of Congress:

    RT Nursing

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    610.73 Nursing

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded

Citation

Fleming, A., & Kydd, A. (in press). What makes a nursing home homely? A Scottish based study, using Q methodology of the perceptions of staff, residents and significant others. Journal of Research in Nursing, doi:10.1177/1744987118757837. ISSN 1744-9871

Authors

Keywords

care homes, homeliness, concept of home, older people, Q methodology

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