The Communities of Practice model for understanding digital engagement by hyperlocal elected representatives
Cruickshank, P., & Ryan, B. (2016)
The Communities of Practice model for understanding digital engagement by hyperlocal elected representatives. In M. Janssen, M. A. Wimmer, Ø. Sæbø, T. A. Pardo, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Gascó, …E. Tambouris (Eds.), Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, 11-18. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-570-8-11
There has been much research into citizens’ engagement with their representatives. This paper offers an approach to understanding sustained take-up of internet technologies by...
Scottish Community Councils online: the 2014 survey.
Ryan, B., & Cruickshank, P. (2014)
Scottish Community Councils online: the 2014 survey. Community Councils Network
This document reports the results of a survey, carried out in late spring 2014, of the public web presences of potentially over 1300 Scottish Community Councils (CCs). It foll...
Disconnected Democracy? A Survey of Scottish Community Councils' Online Presences
Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., & Smith, C. (2014)
Disconnected Democracy? A Survey of Scottish Community Councils' Online Presences. Scottish Affairs, 23(4), (486-507). doi:10.3366/scot.2014.0045. ISSN 0966-0356
Community Councils are the bottom rung of Scotland’s democracy ladder, having few – but highly significant – statutory consultative duties (especially with regard to planning)...