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Does requiring trauma exposure affect rates of ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD? Implications for DSM-5

Journal Article
Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Shevlin, M., Mcelroy, E., Ben-Ezra, M., Cloitre, M., & Brewin, C. R. (in press)
Does requiring trauma exposure affect rates of ICD-11 PTSD and complex PTSD? Implications for DSM-5. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy,
Objective: There is little evidence that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is more likely to follow traumatic events defined by Criterion A than non-Criterion A stressors. ...

Trade unions and career services: Potential partners for promoting social justice at work

Journal Article
Robertson, P. J., Cimini, N., Post, J., & Corry, J. (2020)
Trade unions and career services: Potential partners for promoting social justice at work. Journal of the National Institute for Career Education and Counselling, 44(1), 5-12. https://doi.org/10.20856/jnicec.4401
This paper argues that trade unions represent natural allies for career services, as they have shared interests in addressing issues of social justice at work. This potentiall...

On top or underneath: where does the general factor of psychopathology fit within a dimensional model of psychopathology?

Journal Article
Hyland, P., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Bentall, R. P., Karatzias, T., Ho, G. W., …McElroy, E. (in press)
On top or underneath: where does the general factor of psychopathology fit within a dimensional model of psychopathology?. Psychological Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329172000104X
Background: Dimensional models of psychopathology are increasingly common, and there is evidence for the existence of a general dimension of psychopathology (‘p’). The existin...

Implementing continuity of midwife carer – just a friendly face? A realist evaluation

Journal Article
McInnes, R. J., Aitken-Arbuckle, A., Lake, S., Hollins Martin, C., & MacArthur, J. (2020)
Implementing continuity of midwife carer – just a friendly face? A realist evaluation. BMC Health Services Research, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05159-9
Background Good quality midwifery care saves the lives of women and babies. Continuity of midwife carer (CMC), a key component of good quality midwifery care, results in bette...

"Nobody will put Baby in the Corner!" A Qualitative Evaluation of a Physical Activity Intervention to Improve Mental Health

Journal Article
Snowden, A., Westbury, T., & Peddie, N. (in press)
"Nobody will put Baby in the Corner!" A Qualitative Evaluation of a Physical Activity Intervention to Improve Mental Health. Health and Social Care in the Community, https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.13017
Physical activity is beneficial for mental health, but people with mental health issues are less likely to be physically active than the general population. Socially prescribe...

Childhood adversity, mental health and suicide (CHASE): a protocol for a longitudinal case-control linked data study

Journal Article
Dougall, N., Savinc, J., Maxwell, M., Karatzias, T., O'Connor, R. C., Williams, B., …Nolan, L. (2020)
Childhood adversity, mental health and suicide (CHASE): a protocol for a longitudinal case-control linked data study. International Journal of Population Data Science, 5(1), https://doi.org/10.23889/ijpds.v5i1.1338
Introduction Suicide is a tragic outcome with devastating consequences. In 2018, Scotland experienced a 15% increase in suicide from 680 to 784 deaths. This was marked among y...

How important are phase 1 interventions for complex interpersonal trauma? A pilot randomised control trial of a group psychoeducational intervention

Journal Article
Mahoney, A., Karatzias, T., Dougal, N., & Halliday, K. (in press)
How important are phase 1 interventions for complex interpersonal trauma? A pilot randomised control trial of a group psychoeducational intervention. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2447
Although psychoeducational interventions are recommended as phase 1 interventions for complex trauma there is limited evidence on their efficacy. This pilot randomised control...

A validation study of the International Trauma Questionnaire to assess ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD) in treatment seeking veterans

Journal Article
Murphy, D., Shevlin, M., Pearson, E., Greenberg, N., Wessely, S., Busuttil, W., & Karatzias, T. (2020)
A validation study of the International Trauma Questionnaire to assess ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD) in treatment seeking veterans. British Journal of Psychiatry, 216(3), 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjp.2020.9
Background: Veterans with PTSD typically report a poorer treatment response than those who have not served in the Armed Forces. A possible explanation is that veterans often ...

A cross-country psychiatric screening of ICD-11 disorders specifically associated with stress in Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana

Journal Article
Ben-Ezra, M., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Maercker, A., Hamama-Raz, Y., Lavenda, O., …Shevlin, M. (2020)
A cross-country psychiatric screening of ICD-11 disorders specifically associated with stress in Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 11(1), https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2020.1720972
Background The Global Forum for Health Research, with the support of the World Health Organization, highlighted the need to prioritize mental health research in Africa. The i...

Optimising the continuity experiences of student midwives: an integrative review

Journal Article
Moncrieff, G., MacVicar, S., Norris, G., & Hollins Martin, C. J. (in press)
Optimising the continuity experiences of student midwives: an integrative review. Women and Birth, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2020.01.007
Background: In several countries, midwifery students undertake continuity of care experiences as part of their pre-registration education. This is thought to enable the develo...
16 results

Capturing the insights of parents of athletes in performance pathways

2019 - 2020
The Project sportscotland is looking to contract a researcher to deliver an online survey and 6 focus groups with parents of performance pathway athletes from 4-6 sports, representing team, individual...
Funder: Sportscotland | Value: £7,802

Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) post perinatal loss: investigating final details for pilot trial and feasibility study

2019 - 2019
Approximately 3,500 women in the UK experience the trauma of perinatal loss each year. Up to 39% go on to develop perinatal PTSD. There is no effective treatment for these women, but EMDR is effective...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £33,319

Understanding and Maximising the Roles and Contributions of NHS Chaplains across UK

2019 - 2019
The NHS in the UK employs an estimated 1,500+ chaplains. Chaplains deliver specialist spiritual care to patients and staff across the NHS, offering comfort to those of all faith and none. Despite the ...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £29,626

An examination of the assessment of vulnerability for suicide for those who have experienced intimate partner violence: A cross-cultural comparison between Hong Kong and Scotland.

2018 - 2022
The aim of this research is to examine policing, health professionals’ and victims’ understandings of the assessment of vulnerability for suicide in IPV victims, incorporating a cross-cultural compari...
Funder: Scottish Institute for Policing Research | Value: £81,928

The role of CHildhood Adversities and their subsequent effect on mental ill-health and Suicidal behaviour (CHASe)

2018 - 2020
Deaths by suicide among young people are common, increasing year by year in 15-19 year olds, have devastating consequences for everyone involved, and are a signficant UK public health problem. People ...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £80,064

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD in Military Personnel

2018 - 2019
Two ‘sibling disorders’ have been proposed for ICD-11 to be published in 2018; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). Given the potential for ICD formulations to become the pri...
Funder: Forces in Mind Trust | Value: £97,443

Participation in Mountain Biking - effects on aspects of psychological wellbeing of young participants

2018 - 2018
Participation in Mountain Biking - effects on aspects of psychological wellbeing of young participants
Funder: Scottish Cycling | Value: £4,999

Law enforcement and public health: Assessing risk and vulnerability

2017 - 2018
The aim of the project is to conduct a systematic review and host round-table discussions to explore the use of police discretion when making decisions in relation to individuals' vulnerability.
Funder: Scottish Institute for Policing Research | Value: £7,986

The Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland: The views and experiences of patients, Named Persons, Practitioners and Tribunal members

2017 - 2020
The Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland became operational in 2005. It plays an integral role in guaranteeing the rights of patients with mental disorder as originally identified in the Millan Princip...
Funder: Nuffield Foundation | Value: £258,786

Assessing the impact of a diagnosis of mental illness on young people: feasibility study

2017 - 2018
This study concerns the impact of a diagnosis of mental illness on young people and their families. One in ten adolescents suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder and there is increasing awareness t...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £12,931
8 results

A exploration of how mental health nurses learn to provide sexual health care

2019 - date
Ms Avril Hendry | Director of Studies: Dr Sarah Doyle | Second Supervisor: Dr Sally Brown

Evaluating the long-term effectiveness of ALBA: An intervention designed to increase physical activity levels of people with mental and/or physical health conditions, leading to improved mental and physical health

2016 - date
Introduction: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for improving both physical and mental health. However, people with mental health conditions are more likely to be inactive. In order to encourage adherence to PA, the Scottish Association for Mental Health (SAMH) developed the Active Living Becomes Achievable (ALBA) intervention, which aimed to help people with poor physical and/or mental health to increase and maintain their PA levels. The main aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effectiveness of the ALBA intervention at increasing PA levels, improving mental wellbeing, self-efficacy for exercise, self-esteem and patient activation. Method: A mixed method approach was adopted for evaluating the ALBA intervention, which formed the basis of four studies: Study 1: a formative investigation, in the form of a systematic review was conducted to assess the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural interventions at increasing adherence to PA in mental health populations. Study 2: a qualitative process evaluation, using focus groups with participants. Barriers and facilitators to adhering to the intervention were identified using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Study 3: a qualitative process evaluation using focus groups with the Behaviour Change Practitioners (BCP) who delivered the ALBA intervention. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes, which were then mapped onto the TDF, to identify the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of the intervention. Study 4: A quantitative outcome evaluation, with a before and after design was carried out to assess the effectiveness of the intervention. Participants completed 5 outcome measures and wore an activity tracker for 16 weeks. Participants who opted into the long-term study were monitored for up to 12-months. Results: The outcome evaluation revealed that 53% of the participants adhered to the intervention, however, the intervention did not appear to increase adherence to PA guidelines. The ALBA intervention had a significant positive impact on mental wellbeing, patient activation and self-efficacy, but not self-esteem. The qualitative evaluation suggested the intervention helped participants overcome the barriers they faced which prevented them from becoming active. There was a particular focus on role the BCP’s played in encouraging engagement in PA. The barriers to the delivery faced by the BCP’s mainly related to organisational and contextual factors. Conclusions: The ALBA intervention was effective at improving mental wellbeing but did not have a significant effect on PA levels. This suggests that the additional support offered through the ALBA intervention was key to improving wellbeing and encouraging PA in mental health population should be considered in a wider context of recovery.
Nicola Peddie | Director of Studies: Dr Tony Westbury | Second Supervisor: Prof Austyn Snowden

A radomised controlled experimental study to explore whether and to what extent positive emotions (PE) cause novel or creative thoughts (creativity) via broadened awareness in student nurses

2016 - date
Ms Fiona Carver | Director of Studies: Dr Barbara Farquharson | Second Supervisor: Dr Brian Williams

Real-time 3D graphic augmentation of music therapy sessions for people on the autism spectrum

2015 - 2019
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that can affect people in a number...
Dr John McGowan | Director of Studies: Dr Gregory Leplatre | Second Supervisor: Dr Iain McGregor

Exploring the experiences of male caregivers caring for a partner with Alzheimer's dementia: An interpretative phenomenological analysis

2015 - date
Mrs Gwenne McIntosh | Director of Studies: Dr Norrie Brown | Second Supervisor: Dr Zoe Chouliara

A meta-analysis and controlled evaluation of short term pyschological intervention for acute mental health inpatients

2014 - 2018
There is evidence to suggest that psychological therapies for severe mental health ...
Charlotte Paterson | Director of Studies: Prof Thanos Karatzias | Second Supervisor: Dr Paul Hutton

Psychological distress in Polish immigrants in Scotland: a mixed methods study

2011 - 2015
Background: The available research on economic migration suggested that immigrants may be less happy than the indigenous p...
Dr Anna Bak-Klimek | Director of Studies: Prof Thanos Karatzias | Second Supervisor: Lawrence Elliott

The impact of career guidance on well-being outcomes

2008 - 2013
Dr Peter Robertson