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Carbon black nanoparticles induce type II epithelial cells to release chemotaxins for alveolar macrophages.

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Clouter-Baker, A., Donaldson, K., MacCallum, J., & Stone, V. (2005)
Carbon black nanoparticles induce type II epithelial cells to release chemotaxins for alveolar macrophages. Particle and fibre toxicology, 2(1), 11-24. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8977-2-11
Background - Alveolar macrophages are a key cell in dealing with particles deposited in the lungs and in determining the subsequent response to that particle exposure. Nanopar...

The human cationic host defense peptide LL-37 mediates contrasting effects on apoptotic pathways in different primary cells of the innate immune system

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Li, Y., Wilkinson, T. S., Bowdish, D. M. E., Lau, Y. E., Cosseau, C., …Davidson, D. J. (2006)
The human cationic host defense peptide LL-37 mediates contrasting effects on apoptotic pathways in different primary cells of the innate immune system. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 80(3), 509-520. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.1005560
The human cathelicidin LL-37 is a cationic host defense peptide (antimicrobial peptide) expressed primarily by neutrophils and epithelial cells. This peptide, up-regulated und...

The Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Preferentially Promotes Apoptosis of Infected Airway Epithelium

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Beaumont, P. E., Cosseau, C., Mackellar, A., Wilkinson, T. S., Hancock, R. E. W., …Davidson, D. J. (2010)
The Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Preferentially Promotes Apoptosis of Infected Airway Epithelium. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 43(6), 692-702. https://doi.org/10.1165/rcmb.2009-0250oc
Cationic host defense peptides are key, evolutionarily conserved components of the innate immune system. The human cathelicidin LL-37 is an important cationic host defense pep...

Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single vaccination with virus-like particles in skin using microneedles

Journal Article
Song, J., Kim, Y., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, M. J., Park, K., Donis, R. O., …Kang, S. (2010)
Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single vaccination with virus-like particles in skin using microneedles. Antiviral Research, 88(2), 244-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2010.09.001
To develop a more effective vaccination method against H5N1 virus, we investigated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy after skin vaccination using microneedles coated ...

NO-loaded Zn2+-exchanged zeolite materials: A potential bifunctional anti-bacterial strategy

Journal Article
Fox, S., Wilkinson, T. S., Wheatley, P. S., Xiao, B., Morris, R. E., Sutherland, A., …Rossi, A. G. (2010)
NO-loaded Zn2+-exchanged zeolite materials: A potential bifunctional anti-bacterial strategy. Acta biomaterialia, 6(4), (1515-1521). doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2009.10.038. ISSN 1742-7061
Nitric oxide (NO) is important for the regulation of a number of diverse biological processes, including vascular tone, neurotransmission, inflammatory cell responsiveness, de...

Nanoparticle interactions with zinc and iron: Implications for toxicology and inflammation

Journal Article
Wilson, M. R., Foucaud, L., Barlow, P. G., Hutchison, G. R., Sales, J., Simpson, R. J., & Stone, V. (2007)
Nanoparticle interactions with zinc and iron: Implications for toxicology and inflammation. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 225(1), 80-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2007.07.012
Particulate air pollution (PM10) consists of a mixture of components, including nanoparticles and metals. Studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that transition metals ...

Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection

Journal Article
Coyle, C., Wheelhouse, N., Jacques, M., Longbottom, D., Svoboda, P., Pohl, J., …Barlow, P. G. (2016)
Ovine trophoblasts express cathelicidin host defence peptide in response to infection. Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 117, 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jri.2016.06.006
Cationic host defence peptides (CHDP; also known as antimicrobial peptides) are key components of the immune response in the female reproductive tract. The role of the placent...

MAPK Activation Is Essential for Waddlia chondrophila Induced CXCL8 Expression in Human Epithelial Cells

Journal Article
Storrie, S., Longbottom, D., Barlow, P. G., & Wheelhouse, N. (2016)
MAPK Activation Is Essential for Waddlia chondrophila Induced CXCL8 Expression in Human Epithelial Cells. PLOS ONE, 11(3), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152193
Background Waddlia chondrophila (W. chondrophila) is an emerging agent of respiratory and reproductive disease in humans and cattle. The organism is a member of the order Chla...

Secondary necrosis of apoptotic neutrophils induced by the human cathelicidin LL-37 is not proinflammatory to phagocytosing macrophages

Journal Article
Li, H., Barlow, P. G., Bylund, J., Mackellar, A., Björstad, Å., Conlon, J., …Davidson, D. J. (2009)
Secondary necrosis of apoptotic neutrophils induced by the human cathelicidin LL-37 is not proinflammatory to phagocytosing macrophages. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 86(4), 891-902. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.0209050
Cathelicidins are CHDP with essential roles in innate host defense but also more recently associated with the pathogenesis of certain chronic diseases. These peptides have mic...

Serum exposed to nanoparticle carbon black displays increased potential to induce macrophage migration

Journal Article
Barlow, P., Donaldson, K., MacCallum, J., Clouter, A., & Stone, V. (2005)
Serum exposed to nanoparticle carbon black displays increased potential to induce macrophage migration. Toxicology Letters, 155(3), 397-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2004.11.006
Objective: To assess whether fine and ultrafine particles (nanoparticles) have the capacity to activate factors in serum that would induce macrophage migration. This is a mode...