Disconnected Democracy? A Survey of Scottish Community Councils' Online Presences
Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B., & Smith, C. (2014)
Disconnected Democracy? A Survey of Scottish Community Councils' Online Presences. Scottish Affairs, 23(4), (486-507). doi:10.3366/scot.2014.0045. ISSN 0966-0356
Community Councils are the bottom rung of Scotland’s democracy ladder, having few – but highly significant – statutory consultative duties (especially with regard to planning)...
The Communities of Practice model for understanding digital engagement by hyperlocal elected representatives
Cruickshank, P., & Ryan, B. (2016)
The Communities of Practice model for understanding digital engagement by hyperlocal elected representatives. In M. Janssen, M. A. Wimmer, Ø. Sæbø, T. A. Pardo, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Gascó, …E. Tambouris (Eds.), Electronic Government and Electronic Participation, 11-18. https://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-570-8-11
There has been much research into citizens’ engagement with their representatives. This paper offers an approach to understanding sustained take-up of internet technologies by...
The emergent ICT culture of Parliamentarians
Presentation / Conference
Smith, C. F., & Webster, W. (2007, September)
The emergent ICT culture of Parliamentarians. Paper presented at XXIth meeting of the Permanent Study Group on E-Government (Information and Communications Technologies in Public Administration), European Group of Public Administration Annual Conference, Madrid, Spain
Technologies such as the web and email have been seen to offer new capabilities through which traditional representative arrangements can be reinvigorated and renewed. This p...
Scottish Community Councils online: the 2014 survey.
Ryan, B., & Cruickshank, P. (2014)
Scottish Community Councils online: the 2014 survey. Community Councils Network
This document reports the results of a survey, carried out in late spring 2014, of the public web presences of potentially over 1300 Scottish Community Councils (CCs). It foll...
Organised use of e-democracy tools for young people.
Smith, E., Macintosh, A. & Whyte, A. (2005)
Organised use of e-democracy tools for young people. In Wimmer, M., Scholl, H., Grönlund, Å. & Anderson, K. (Eds.). Electronic Government: Communications of the Fifth International EGOV Conference 2006, 260-267. ISBN 978-3-540-37686-6
This paper concerns use of an online policy debating forum: part of a suite of e-democracy tools for a local youth parliament. These e-democracy tools have been used and devel...