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Structural and functional indices show similar performance in marine ecosystem quality assessment

Journal Article
Culhane, F. E., Briers, R. A., Tett, P., & Fernandes, T. F. (2014)
Structural and functional indices show similar performance in marine ecosystem quality assessment. Ecological Indicators, 43, 271-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.03.009
Reliable ecosystem quality assessment of marine environments is increasingly important due to mounting pressures attributable to human activities. Biotic indices are widely us...

Constructing more informative plant–pollinator networks: visitation and pollen deposition networks in a heathland plant community

Journal Article
Ballantyne, G., Baldock, K. C. R., & Willmer, P. G. (2015)
Constructing more informative plant–pollinator networks: visitation and pollen deposition networks in a heathland plant community. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282(1814), 20151130. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.1130
Interaction networks are widely used as tools to understand plant–pollinator communities, and to examine potential threats to plant diversity and food security if the ecosyste...

Migratory timing of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the central North Pacific varies with age, sex and reproductive status.

Journal Article
Craig, A. S., Herman, L. M., Gabriele, C. M., & Pack, A. A. (2002)
Migratory timing of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the central North Pacific varies with age, sex and reproductive status. Behaviour, 140, (981-1000). doi:10.1163/156853903322589605. ISSN 0005-7959
Humpback whales migrate seasonally between high-latitude summer feeding grounds and low-latitude winter breeding grounds. Identification photographs of humpback whales were co...

Carbon storage in the seagrass meadows of Gazi Bay, Kenya

Journal Article
Githaiga, M. N., Kairo, J. G., Njoroge Githaiga, M., Gitundu, K., Gilpin, L., & Huxham, M. (2017)
Carbon storage in the seagrass meadows of Gazi Bay, Kenya. PLOS ONE, 12(5), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177001
Vegetated marine habitats are globally important carbon sinks, making a significant contribution towards mitigating climate change, and they provide a wide range of other ecos...

Insights from measuring pollen deposition: quantifying the pre-eminence of bees as flower visitors and effective pollinators

Journal Article
Willmer, P. G., Cunnold, H., & Ballantyne, G. (2017)
Insights from measuring pollen deposition: quantifying the pre-eminence of bees as flower visitors and effective pollinators. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 11(3), 411-425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-017-9528-2
Using our accumulated datasets from Kenyan savanna, Mediterranean garigue, UK gardens and heathland, involving 76 plants from 30 families, we present detailed data to quantify...

Explaining negative kin discrimination in a cooperative mammal society

Journal Article
Thompson, F. J., Cant, M. A., Marshall, H. H., Vitikainen, E. I. K., Sanderson, J. L., Nichols, H. J., …Johnstone, R. A. (2017)
Explaining negative kin discrimination in a cooperative mammal society. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(20), 5207-5212. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1612235114
Kin selection theory predicts that, where kin discrimination is possible, animals should typically act more favorably toward closer genetic relatives and direct aggression tow...

Biased escorts: offspring sex, not relatedness explains alloparental care patterns in a cooperative breeder

Journal Article
Vitikainen, E. I. K., Marshall, H. H., Thompson, F. J., Sanderson, J. L., Bell, M. B. V., Gilchrist, J. S., …Cant, M. A. (2017)
Biased escorts: offspring sex, not relatedness explains alloparental care patterns in a cooperative breeder. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 284(1854), 20162384. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.2384
Kin selection theory predicts that animals should direct costly care where inclusive fitness gains are highest. Individuals may achieve this by directing care at closer relati...

Pollinator importance networks illustrate the crucial value of bees in a highly speciose plant community

Journal Article
Ballantyne, G., Baldock, K. C. R., Rendell, L., & Willmer, P. (2017)
Pollinator importance networks illustrate the crucial value of bees in a highly speciose plant community. Scientific Reports, 7(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-08798-x
Accurate predictions of pollination service delivery require a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between plants and flower visitors. To improve measurements of p...

Estimating pollinator performance of visitors to the self-incompatible crop-plant Brassica rapa by single visit deposition and pollen germination: a comparison of methods

Journal Article
Patchett, R., Ballantyne, G., & Willmer, P. (2017)
Estimating pollinator performance of visitors to the self-incompatible crop-plant Brassica rapa by single visit deposition and pollen germination: a comparison of methods. Journal of Pollination Ecology, 21(3), 78-85
Estimating the pollen-deposition effectiveness of flower visitors is fundamental to understanding their performance as pollinators. While estimates of visitation rates, pollen...

Why flower visitation is a poor proxy for pollination: measuring single-visit pollen deposition, with implications for pollination networks and conservation

Journal Article
King, C., Ballantyne, G., & Willmer, P. G. (2013)
Why flower visitation is a poor proxy for pollination: measuring single-visit pollen deposition, with implications for pollination networks and conservation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4(9), 811-818. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210x.12074
Summary The relative importance of specialized and generalized plant-pollinator relationships is contentious, yet analyses usually avoid direct measures of pollinator quality ...