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234 results

Antiinflammatory Steroid Action in Human Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells

Journal Article
Hillier, S. G., Rae, M. T., Niven, D., Critchley, H. O. D., & Harlow, C. R. (2004)
Antiinflammatory Steroid Action in Human Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 89(9), 4538-4544. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2003-032225
The human ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is subject to serial injury and repair during ovulation, which is a natural inflammatory event. We asked whether there is a compensa...

Antiviral Activity and Increased Host Defense against Influenza Infection Elicited by the Human Cathelicidin LL-37

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Svoboda, P., Mackellar, A., Nash, A. A., York, I. A., Pohl, J., …Donis, R. O. (2011)
Antiviral Activity and Increased Host Defense against Influenza Infection Elicited by the Human Cathelicidin LL-37. PLOS ONE, 6(10), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025333
The extensive world-wide morbidity and mortality caused by influenza A viruses highlights the need for new insights into the host immune response and novel treatment approache...

A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: II. A MODEL IN WHICH PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 INDUCES A MUTANT CONFORMATION TO p53.

Journal Article
Fraser, J. A., Madhumalar, A., Blackburn, E., Bramham, J., Walkinshaw, M. D., Verma, C., & Hupp, T. R. (2010)
A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: II. A MODEL IN WHICH PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 INDUCES A MUTANT CONFORMATION TO p53. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285, 37773-37786. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143107
The p53 DNA-binding domain harbors a conformationally flexible multiprotein binding site that regulates p53 ubiquitination. A novel phosphorylation site exists within this reg...

A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION.

Journal Article
Fraser, J. A., Vojtesek, B., & Hupp, T. R. (2010)
A Novel p53 Phosphorylation Site within the MDM2 Ubiquitination Signal: I. PHOSPHORYLATION AT SER269 IN VIVO IS LINKED TO INACTIVATION OF p53 FUNCTION. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285, 37762-37772. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.143099
p53 is a thermodynamically unstable protein containing a conformationally flexible multiprotein docking site within the DNA-binding domain. A combinatorial peptide chip used t...

Blood lactate thresholds and walking/running economy are determinants of backpack-running performance in trained soldiers

Journal Article
Simpson, R. J., Graham, S. M., Connaboy, C., Clement, R., Pollonini, L., & Florida-James, G. D. (2017)
Blood lactate thresholds and walking/running economy are determinants of backpack-running performance in trained soldiers. Applied Ergonomics, 58, 566-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.04.010
We developed a standardized laboratory treadmill protocol for assessing physiological responses to a simulated backpack load-carriage task in trained soldiers, and assessed th...

Carbon black nanoparticles induce type II epithelial cells to release chemotaxins for alveolar macrophages.

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Clouter-Baker, A., Donaldson, K., MacCallum, J., & Stone, V. (2005)
Carbon black nanoparticles induce type II epithelial cells to release chemotaxins for alveolar macrophages. Particle and fibre toxicology, 2(1), 11-24. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8977-2-11
Background - Alveolar macrophages are a key cell in dealing with particles deposited in the lungs and in determining the subsequent response to that particle exposure. Nanopar...

The human cationic host defense peptide LL-37 mediates contrasting effects on apoptotic pathways in different primary cells of the innate immune system

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Li, Y., Wilkinson, T. S., Bowdish, D. M. E., Lau, Y. E., Cosseau, C., …Davidson, D. J. (2006)
The human cationic host defense peptide LL-37 mediates contrasting effects on apoptotic pathways in different primary cells of the innate immune system. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 80(3), 509-520. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.1005560
The human cathelicidin LL-37 is a cationic host defense peptide (antimicrobial peptide) expressed primarily by neutrophils and epithelial cells. This peptide, up-regulated und...

The Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Preferentially Promotes Apoptosis of Infected Airway Epithelium

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Beaumont, P. E., Cosseau, C., Mackellar, A., Wilkinson, T. S., Hancock, R. E. W., …Davidson, D. J. (2010)
The Human Cathelicidin LL-37 Preferentially Promotes Apoptosis of Infected Airway Epithelium. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, 43(6), 692-702. https://doi.org/10.1165/rcmb.2009-0250oc
Cationic host defense peptides are key, evolutionarily conserved components of the innate immune system. The human cathelicidin LL-37 is an important cationic host defense pep...

Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single vaccination with virus-like particles in skin using microneedles

Journal Article
Song, J., Kim, Y., Barlow, P. G., Hossain, M. J., Park, K., Donis, R. O., …Kang, S. (2010)
Improved protection against avian influenza H5N1 virus by a single vaccination with virus-like particles in skin using microneedles. Antiviral Research, 88(2), 244-247. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2010.09.001
To develop a more effective vaccination method against H5N1 virus, we investigated the immunogenicity and protective efficacy after skin vaccination using microneedles coated ...

Imaging of activated complement using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIO) - conjugated vectors: an in vivo in utero non-invasive method to predict placental insufficiency and abnormal fetal brain development.

Journal Article
Girardi, G., Fraser, J. A., Lennen, R., Vontell, R., Jansen, M., & Hutchison, G. (2015)
Imaging of activated complement using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (USPIO) - conjugated vectors: an in vivo in utero non-invasive method to predict placental insufficiency and abnormal fetal brain development. Molecular Psychiatry, 20, 1017-1026. https://doi.org/10.1038/mp.2014.110
In the current study, we have developed a magnetic resonance imaging-based method for non-invasive detection of complement activation in placenta and foetal brain in vivo in u...
27 results

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) developmental model

2010 - 2014
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is common: more than one in 1 in 15 young women has this condition. There are many associated health problems including abnormal periods, miscarriages, infertility, ex...
Funder: Medical Research Council | Value: £130,956

PhD studentship for CIRCA

2014 - 2017
Recent genetic discoveries, principally identification of NOD2 and ATG16L1 as susceptibility loci, strongly implicate a dysregulated host response to enteric bacteria and the autophagy pathway in the ...
Funder: Crohn's in Childhood Research Association | Value: £68,577

An examination of current attitudes towards the threat of Schmallenberg virus

2013 - 2014
The aim of this research is to evaluate the current attitude of the farming community in Scotland to the threat of Schmallenberg virus and the willingness to carry out vaccination by way of a question...
Value: £970

Cathelicidins as novel therapeutic antiviral agents in Rhinovirus infection

2015 - 2017
We have identified the human cathelicidn LL-37 as having potent direct antiviral activity against human rhinovirus (HRV), together with the capacity to alter death pathways in HRV-infected cells, as a...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £163,152

Sex-specific disease aetiology from developmental steroid insults: mechanistic understanding and biomarker development towards disease prevention

2017 - 2021
Risks of developing many adult illnesses are set down as we develop in the womb, hence the environment we experience during fetal life needs to be ‘just right’. Understanding how the fetal environmen...
Funder: Medical Research Council | Value: £636,509

Biochemical Society Summer Vacation Scholarship

2017 - 2017
Nrf2, a transcriptional activator of cell protection genes, is an emerging target for neurodegenerative conditions including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Nrf2 activity is reduced in dementia patients and...
Funder: Biochemical Society | Value: £1,600

Acceptability of extragenital Chlamydia testing

2017 - 2018
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted infection in Scotland, and has significant long‐term consequences to reproductive health. Recent studies suggest that in addition to the g...
Funder: Chief Scientists Office | Value: £27,998

IDEA

2017 - 2018
An investigation of commonly used IBD drugs on autophagy pathway activity and potential therapeutic benefit for treatment of paediatric IBD
Funder: Crohn's in Childhood Research Association | Value: £5,274

Development of a UV-C hand-sanitiser unit

2017 - 2017
Development of a UV-C hand-sanitiser unit
Funder: Scottish Funding Council | Value: £5,000

TRANSFORM - Education reform project – Improving Research capability in the Sri Lankan Higher Education sector.

2018 - 2019
TRANSFORM - Education reform project – Improving Research capability in the Sri Lankan Higher Education sector.
Funder: British Council | Value: £75,000