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Immature offenders. A critical history of the representations of the offender in restorative justice

Journal Article
Maglione, G. (2017)
Immature offenders. A critical history of the representations of the offender in restorative justice. Contemporary Justice Review, 21(1), 44-59. https://doi.org/10.1080/10282580.2017.1413360
This paper reconstructs and discuss how the 'offender' is represented within policy documents, legal statutes and scholarly literature on restorative justice, published and ci...

Creatine supplementation and exercise as possible therapeutic treatments in Parkinson’s Disease: A review

Journal Article
Graham, S. M., Baird, M., & Boyd, G. W. (2014)
Creatine supplementation and exercise as possible therapeutic treatments in Parkinson’s Disease: A review. Archives of Exercise in Health and Disease, 4(3), 286-298. https://doi.org/10.5628/aehd.v4i3.169
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common progressive neurodegenerative condition after Alzheimer’s Disease. It is characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic...

An Investigation into the nature of psychological resilience in junior athletes

Thesis
Fountain, H. E. An Investigation into the nature of psychological resilience in junior athletes. (Thesis)
Edinburgh Napier University. Retrieved from http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/979005
Psychological resilience has been described as a multidimensional, context specific concept, and has been defined in numerous ways that attempt to encapsulate the process by w...

Guidelines for the laboratory diagnosis and susceptibility testing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Journal Article
Brown, D. F. J., Edwards, D. I., Hawkey, P. M., Morrison, D., Ridgway, G. L., Towner, K. J. & Wren, M. W. D. (2004)
Guidelines for the laboratory diagnosis and susceptibility testing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 56, 1000-1018. doi:10.1093/jac/dki372. ISSN 0305-7453
These evidence-based guidelines have been produced after a literature review of the laboratory diagnosis and susceptibility testing of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aur...

Harnessing the climate mitigation, conservation and poverty alleviation potential of seagrasses: prospects for developing blue carbon initiatives and payment for ecosystem service programmes

Journal Article
Hejnowicz, A. P., Kennedy, H., Rudd, M. A., & Huxham, M. R. (2015)
Harnessing the climate mitigation, conservation and poverty alleviation potential of seagrasses: prospects for developing blue carbon initiatives and payment for ecosystem service programmes. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2015.00032
Seagrass ecosystems provide numerous ecosystem services that support coastal communities around the world. They sustain abundant marine life as well as commercial and artisana...

Applying decision making theory to clinical judgements in violence risk assessment

Journal Article
Murray, J., & Thomson, M. E. (2010)
Applying decision making theory to clinical judgements in violence risk assessment. Europe's journal of psychology, 6(2), 150-171. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v6i2.189
A considerable proportion of research in the field of violence risk assessment has focused on the accuracy of clinical judgements of offender dangerousness. This has largely b...

Framework for understanding marine ecosystem health

Journal Article
Tett, P., Gowen, R., Painting, S., Elliott, M., Forster, R., Mills, D., …Wilkinson, M. (2013)
Framework for understanding marine ecosystem health. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 494, 1-27. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps10539
Although the terms ‘health’ and ‘healthy’ are often applied to marine ecosystems and communicate information about holistic condition (e.g. as required by the Ecosystem Approa...

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drugs: A Focus on Autophagy

Journal Article
Hooper, K. M., Barlow, P. G., Stevens, C., & Henderson, P. (2017)
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drugs: A Focus on Autophagy. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, 11(1), 118-127. https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw127
Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Medications such as corticosteroids, thiopurines, immunomodulators and...

Antiviral potential of cathelicidins

Journal Article
Barlow, P. G., Findlay, E. G., Currie, S. M., & Davidson, D. J. (2014)
Antiviral potential of cathelicidins. Future Microbiology, 9(1), 55-73. https://doi.org/10.2217/fmb.13.135
The global burden of morbidity and mortality arising from viral infections is high; however, the development of effective therapeutics has been slow. As our understanding of i...

Antiviral host defence peptides.

Book Chapter
Sousa, F. H., Casanova, V., Stevens, C., & Barlow, P. G. (2016)
Antiviral host defence peptides. In R. M. Epand (Ed.), Host Defense Peptides and Their Potential as Therapeutic Agents, 57-94. Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32949-9_3
The on going global mortality and morbidity associated with viral pathogens highlights the need for the continued development of effective, novel antiviral molecules. The anti...

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Evaluating the long-term effectiveness of ALBA: An intervention designed to increase physical activity levels of people with mental and/or physical health conditions, leading to improved mental and physical health

2016 - date
Introduction: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for improving both physical and mental health. However, people with mental health conditions are more likely to be inactive. In order to encourage adherence to PA, the Scottish Association for Mental Health (SAMH) developed the Active Living Becomes Achievable (ALBA) intervention, which aimed to help people with poor physical and/or mental health to increase and maintain their PA levels. The main aim of this thesis was to evaluate the effectiveness of the ALBA intervention at increasing PA levels, improving mental wellbeing, self-efficacy for exercise, self-esteem and patient activation. Method: A mixed method approach was adopted for evaluating the ALBA intervention, which formed the basis of four studies: Study 1: a formative investigation, in the form of a systematic review was conducted to assess the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural interventions at increasing adherence to PA in mental health populations. Study 2: a qualitative process evaluation, using focus groups with participants. Barriers and facilitators to adhering to the intervention were identified using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Study 3: a qualitative process evaluation using focus groups with the Behaviour Change Practitioners (BCP) who delivered the ALBA intervention. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes, which were then mapped onto the TDF, to identify the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of the intervention. Study 4: A quantitative outcome evaluation, with a before and after design was carried out to assess the effectiveness of the intervention. Participants completed 5 outcome measures and wore an activity tracker for 16 weeks. Participants who opted into the long-term study were monitored for up to 12-months. Results: The outcome evaluation revealed that 53% of the participants adhered to the intervention, however, the intervention did not appear to increase adherence to PA guidelines. The ALBA intervention had a significant positive impact on mental wellbeing, patient activation and self-efficacy, but not self-esteem. The qualitative evaluation suggested the intervention helped participants overcome the barriers they faced which prevented them from becoming active. There was a particular focus on role the BCP’s played in encouraging engagement in PA. The barriers to the delivery faced by the BCP’s mainly related to organisational and contextual factors. Conclusions: The ALBA intervention was effective at improving mental wellbeing but did not have a significant effect on PA levels. This suggests that the additional support offered through the ALBA intervention was key to improving wellbeing and encouraging PA in mental health population should be considered in a wider context of recovery.
Nicola Peddie | Director of Studies: Dr Tony Westbury | Second Supervisor: Prof Austyn Snowden

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