Research Output

A critical assessment of the technical and vocational education and training programme for the Libyan chemical industry.

  Libya traditionally suffers from a shortage of skilled manpower. A network of Technical
and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutions were introduced in Libya, for
the purpose of enhancing the supply of skilled manpower needed for the manufacturing
industry and the national socio-economic development plans. The shortage of qualified
manpower, such as engineers and technicians, skilled workers, is largely attributable to the
failure of TVET to supply the country with its requirements of trained manpower in scope
of manufacturing industry. The assumption behind this research is that Higher Education
Institutions (HEIs) in general and TVET in particular suffer from a lack of appropriate
planning mechanisms and procedures for the linking TVET with manufacturing industry.
This study was exploratory and descriptive in nature and used a quantitative research
method. This study presents initial results from a survey of students at HEIs; and engineers
and technicians at a manufacturing industry. It investigates their perception regarding
TVET programmes as well as work-related issues in Libya. Some of the research key
findings are: there is a substantial mismatch between the outcome of TVET and the exact
requirements of the Libyan manufacturing industry; most of the TVET suffer from limited
human and physical resources, and the unavailability of a framework for the development
of TVET and to assist in organising the link and narrow the gap between Libyan TVET
institutions and chemical manufacturing industry. On the bases of the data analysis and the
findings, recommendations for a framework to strengthen the link between TVET providers
and manufacturing sector has been put forward to be used by educational planners in Libya
in establishing or improving existing TVET. Some suggestions are also made for further
research to address the issue of acceptance of industrial and vocational work and related
influencing factors.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    30 April 2010

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    TP Chemical technology


Triki, N. M. M. A critical assessment of the technical and vocational education and training programme for the Libyan chemical industry. (Thesis). Edinburgh Napier University. Retrieved from


Higher Education; technical and vocational education; training; Libya; manufacturing Industry;

Available Documents