Research Output

Apoptosis does not contribute to the blood lymphocytopenia observed after intensive and downhill treadmill running in humans.

  The lymphocytopenia that occurs during the recovery stage of exercise may be a result of apoptosis through an increased expression of CD95, a loss of the complement regulatory proteins CD55 and CD59, or both. Trained subjects completed intensive, moderate, and downhill treadmill-running protocols. Blood lymphocytes isolated before, immediately after, 1h after, and 24h after each exercise test were assessed for markers of apoptosis (Annexin-V+, HSP60+), and CD55, CD59, and CD95 expression by flow cytometry. Lymphocytopenia occurred 1h after intensive and downhill running exercise, but no changes in the percentage of Annexin-V + or HSP60 + lymphocytes were found. Numbers of CD95+, CD55dim, and CD59dim lymphocytes increased immediately after intensive and downhill exercise, which were attributed to the selective mobilization and subsequent efflux of CD8+ and CD56+ lymphocyte subsets. No differences were found between the intensive and downhill protocols. In conclusion, apoptosis of circulating lymphocytes does not appear to contribute to exercise-induced lymphocytopenia.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    01 July 2007

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Taylor & Francis

  • DOI:

    10.1080/15438620701405339

  • ISSN:

    1543-8627

  • Library of Congress:

    QP Physiology

Citation

Simpson, R. J., Florida-James, G., Whyte, G. P., Black, J., Ross, J. & Guy, K. (2007). Apoptosis does not contribute to the blood lymphocytopenia observed after intensive and downhill treadmill running in humans. Research in Sports Medicine. 15, 157-174. doi:10.1080/15438620701405339. ISSN 1543-8627

Authors

Keywords

Lymphocytosis; CD antigens; Muscle damage; Heat-shock protein-60; Complement regulatory proteins; Flow cytometry

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