Research Output

Implications of congestion charging for departure time choice: work and non-work schedule flexibility.

  The objective of this paper is to investigate the potential impacts of implementing variable congestion charging on the peak spreading of departure time choices, taking into account levels of scheduling flexibility of individuals. In particular, this study addresses non-work activities as well as socio-economic characteristics and their influence on scheduling flexibility for work trips. Departure time choice models were calibrated using data collected as part of a larger survey on the consequences of congestion charging on travel choices in the city of Edinburgh. The inclusion of variables related to work and non-work scheduling, as well as socio-economic variables have improved the performance of the models. This suggests that non-work activities, as well as work schedule flexibility have an impact on departure time choice for the journey to work. This means that even for those with flexible work schedules, but with other non-work commitments, the timing of their work trip may not be so flexible. Therefore, for the success of variable congestion charging schemes, other complimentary measures should be introduced in parallel. These include, for example, child care provision at work, opening hours of shops and leisure facilities.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    01 August 2005

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Elsevier

  • DOI:

    10.1016/j.tra.2005.02.016

  • ISSN:

    0965-8564

Citation

Saleh, W. & Farrell, S. (2005). Implications of congestion charging for departure time choice: work and non-work schedule flexibility. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 39, 773-791. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2005.02.016. ISSN 0965-8564

Authors

Keywords

Congestion charging; Departure time choice; Peak traffic spreading; Work schedule flexibility; Non-work activities; Discrete choice modelling;

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