Research Output

Increased excitability and altered action potential waveform in cerebellar granule neurons of the Ts65Dn mouse model of Down syndrome.

  Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by intellectual disability and impaired motor control. Lack of coordinated movement, poor balance, and unclear speech imply dysfunction of the cerebellum, which is known to be reduced in volume in DS. The principal cause of the smaller cerebellum is a diminished number of granule cells (GCs). These neurons form the ‘input layer’ of the cerebellar cortex, where sensorimotor information carried by incoming mossy fibers is transformed before it is conveyed to Purkinje cells and inhibitory interneurons. However, it is not known how processing of this information is affected in the hypogranular cerebellum that characterizes DS. Here we explore the possibility that the electrical properties of the surviving GCs are changed. We find that in the Ts65Dn mouse model of DS, GCs have a higher input resistance at voltages approaching the threshold for firing, which causes them to be more excitable. In addition, they fire narrower and larger amplitude action potentials. These subtly modified electrical properties may result in atypical transfer of information at the input layer of the cerebellum.


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  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    17 July 2012

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Elsevier

  • DOI:

    10.1016/j.brainres.2012.05.027

  • ISSN:

    0006-8993

  • Library of Congress:

    QH301 Biology

Citation

Usowicz, M. M. & Garden, C. L. P. (2012). Increased excitability and altered action potential waveform in cerebellar granule neurons of the Ts65Dn mouse model of Down syndrome. Brain Research. 1465, 10-17. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2012.05.027. ISSN 0006-8993

Authors

Keywords

Down syndrome; Cerebellum; Granule cell; Hypoplasia

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