Research Output

The coaching schematic: validation through expert coach consensus.

  Current research in coaching development infers that coaching is predominantly a decision-making process. The same and other research is not, however, informing the coaching development process due to a lack of a big picture approach. Consequently, there is a need for a model of coaching. In this paper, we offer such a model in the form of a schematic that reflects the coaching process from both a content and information-processing stance. To assess the validity of the schematic, 16 expert coaches were interviewed to elicit a complete description of their coaching process. The coaches were then shown a copy of the schematic and asked to comment on its design and content with respect to its accuracy in reflecting their coaching process. Following analysis of the interview, six general categories emerged: Roles, Goals, Typical Actions, Required Knowledge, Support for the Schematic, and Factors Influencing Development. The first four categories clearly displayed an implicit support for the schematic. Furthermore, all coaches offered explicit support for the schematic. Such strong support confirmed that the schematic was valid and could form the basis of focused interventions in coaching development

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 May 2006

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Taylor Francis

  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    GV Recreation Leisure

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games


Abraham, A., Collins, D. & Martindale, R. J. J. (2006). The coaching schematic: validation through expert coach consensus. Journal of sports sciences. 24, 549-564. doi:10.1080/02640410500189173. ISSN 1466-447X



Coach development; Decision making; Coaching process;

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