Research Output
A Multi-UAV Clustering Strategy for Reducing Insecure Communication Range
  Multi-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) flight formations can be deployed to monitor large areas. Individual UAVs communicate and exchange information while formation flying. but, such communication presents a security risk. The area between the UAV group range and the group communication range is called the insecurity range and in this region multi-UAV communication can cause serious information leakage. To resolve this problem, this paper considers two aspects, namely, cooperative control and secure communication. To implement cooperative control, a clustering algorithm is presented to accelerate the speed at which the multi-UAV formation converges. By setting the flight control factor to accelerate the convergence of multi-UAV, the UAV group forms a flock. To facilitate secure communication, the hierarchical virtual communication ring (HVCR) strategy is deployed to reduce the boundary of group communication and minimize the insecure range. The effectiveness of the clustering algorithm and HVCR strategy is demonstrated via theoretical analysis and experiments. In the case of 50 and 100 nodes, the results show that the clustering algorithm can facilitate multi-UAV group flocks. In the case of 25, 30, 35 and 40 nodes, the HVCR strategy can reduce the relative size of the insecure range to 65.33%, 62.95%, 61.50% and 60.55%, respectively.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    03 May 2019

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    629.1326 Drones

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Wu, J., Zou, L., Zhao, L., Al-Dubai, A., Mackenzie, L., & Min, G. (2019). A Multi-UAV Clustering Strategy for Reducing Insecure Communication Range. Computer Networks, 158, 132-142.



Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), Multi-UAV, Group Communication, Cooperative control, Secure communication.

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