Research Output
Antipattern comprehension: an empirical evaluation
  Comprehension of justifications is known to be difficult for even experienced ontology engineers, and much more so for other stakeholders. In this paper, we present two methods for displaying justifications using concept diagrams: using multiple concept diagrams to represent the justification (one diagram for each axiom); and using a merged concept diagram to represent all axioms in the justification. We performed an empirical evaluation of both methods along with a textual representation of the justification using Prot´eg´e. The results were that novice users could both more accurately and more quickly identify an incoherence when using merged diagrams than using multiple diagrams or Prot´eg´e statements.

  • Date:

    31 December 2016

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    IOS Press

  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA76 Computer software

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    658 General management

  • Funders:

    Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council


Hou, T., Chapman, P., & Blake, A. (2016). Antipattern comprehension: an empirical evaluation. In W. Kuhn, & R. Ferrario (Eds.), 9th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2016), (211-224).



Evaluation; antipattern; visual

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