Research Output

Antipattern comprehension: an empirical evaluation

  Comprehension of justifications is known to be difficult for even experienced ontology engineers, and much more so for other stakeholders. In this paper, we present two methods for displaying justifications using concept diagrams: using multiple concept diagrams to represent the justification (one diagram for each axiom); and using a merged concept diagram to represent all axioms in the justification. We performed an empirical evaluation of both methods along with a textual representation of the justification using Prot´eg´e. The results were that novice users could both more accurately and more quickly identify an incoherence when using merged diagrams than using multiple diagrams or Prot´eg´e statements.

  • Date:

    30 November 2015

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    IOS Press

  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA76 Computer software

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    658 General management


Hou, T., Chapman, P. & Blake, A. (2015). Antipattern comprehension: an empirical evaluation. In Kuhn, W. & Ferrario, R. (Eds.). 9th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2016), 211-224. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-660-6-211. ISBN 978-1-61499-659-0, 978-1-61499-660-6,



© 2016 The authors and IOS Press.
This article is published online with Open Access by IOS Press and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.


Evaluation; antipattern; visual

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