Research Output
Boosting the Immune System
  Much of contemporary research in Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) has partitioned into either algorithmic machine learning and optimisation, or modelling biologically plausible dynamical systems, with little overlap between. Although the balance is latterly beginning to be redressed (e.g. [18]), we propose that this dichotomy is somewhat to blame for the lack of significant advancement of the field in either direction. This paper outlines how an inappropriate interpretation of Perelson’s shape-space formalism has largely contributed to this dichotomy, as it neither scales to machine-learning requirements nor makes any operational distinction between signals and context.

We illustrate these issues and attempt to derive both a more biologically plausible and statistically solid foundation for an online, unsupervised artificial immune system. By extending a mathematical model of immunological tolerance, and grounding it in contemporary machine learning, we minimise any recourse to “reasoning by metaphor” and demonstrate one view of how both research agendas might still complement each other.

  • Date:

    01 January 2008

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Springer Science + Business Media

  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    004 Data processing & computer science


McEwan, C., Hart, E., & Paechter, B. (2007). Boosting the Immune System. In Artificial Immune Systems, 316-327. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85072-4_28



Immunological Tolerance Immune Network Clonal Selection Algorithm Peripheral Immune System Immune Repertoire

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