Special event marks 100 years to the day since war poet arrived in city
War Poet Wilfred Owen’s historic first steps in Edinburgh have been revisited to mark 100 years to the day since he arrived in the city.
26 June 2017
19 March 2020
Organised by Wilfred Owen’s Edinburgh 1917-2017 – a committee consisting of representatives from Edinburgh Napier University, Scottish Poetry Library, Wilfred Owen Association, military charity Glen Art, Poppyscotland, and others - a unique re-enactment event took place at Waverley Station and along Princes Street this morning (26 June) as a programme of events to commemorate the centenary continued.
Arriving at platform seven on the Caledonian Sleeper, the event saw Owen, played by historian and teacher David Clarke, welcomed to the city by the Rt Hon Lord Provost and Lord Lieutenant of the City of Edinburgh Frank Ross and Norman Drummond, chair of the Scottish Government’s First World War Commemoration panel. The Caledonian Sleeper party were accompanied by Owen’s nephew, Peter, who also made the train journey to be part of the centenary commemorations.
Wilfred Owen originally arrived in Edinburgh from London by train on 26 June 1917 after being sent to the city to be treated for shellshock at Craiglockhart War Hospital.
The re-enacted arrival was also marked by music from violinist Thoren Ferguson and a recital by Edinburgh's Makar Christine De Luca. Thoren plays the Wilfred Owen violin which was crafted from the branch of a sycamore tree from the grounds of Craiglockhart to mark the centenary of the First World War. Pupils from Tynecastle High School – where Owen taught English Literature during his stay in Edinburgh – were also present.
After the arrival, the event then replicated Owen’s initial journey along Princes Street, with the sound of pipers accompanying the party along Edinburgh’s main thoroughfare. A collection of World War One re-enactors from Scots in the Great War Living History Society and Poppyscotland collectors were also present along the street as they handed out leaflets of Owen’s poetry to passers-by. The party gathered outside the Caledonian Hotel – a location where Owen regularly met ‘the great and good’ of Edinburgh during his time in the city.
Owen arrives in Edinburgh
The party then retired to the Balmoral Hotel to recreate the breakfast taken by Wilfred Owen one hundred years ago, at what was then the North British Hotel. The breakfast was hosted by the Wilfred Owen Association. Veterans of today with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (known in Owen’s time as shellshock) joined schoolchildren, Peter Owen and Norman Drummond. The Wilfred Owen Association Breakfast was supported by a grant from Awards for All.
The commemoration was also recognised by a civic reception at Lothian Chambers hosted by the Rt Hon Lord Provost and Lord Lieutenant of the City of Edinburgh Frank Ross.
Event organiser Neil McLennan and chair of Wilfred Owen’s Edinburgh 1917-2017 said: “Edinburgh was the centre of Owen's enlightenment and where he crafted some of the most powerful poetry of the war. It is pleasing to see so many come together to commemorate this vital part of Edinburgh's literary history. The co-operation of so many organisations and individuals is perhaps the legacy we want to learn and share from WW100 Commemoration events.”
Peter Owen, nephew of Wilfred Owen and ambassador of the Wilfred Owen Association, said: “Wilfred Owen’s poetry has influenced poets of all times and ages. This legacy was only made possible through a meeting of minds with Siegfried Sassoon at Craiglockhart.
“If Wilfred has an afterlife, no aspect would have pleased him more than the way his words have been used and modified by poets that came after him. Both Auden and Spender were influenced by Wilfred. Edmond Blunden wrote of him and his poems.
“A poet’s poet Wilfred said of himself but would have never dreamed of his ever-growing legacy. This all began here in Edinburgh, at Craiglockhart, now Edinburgh Napier University.
“Oh, how Wilfred would appreciate and be very grateful and pleased by the honour of being welcomed here. All those involved who have spent so much time planning this extended commemoration need to be thanked many, many times.”
A special event in Waverley commemorates his arrival
Asif Khan, director of the Scottish Poetry Library, said: “If Owen hadn't stayed in Edinburgh in 1917, he wouldn't have met Sassoon, and so would never have written the poems that continue to influence our memory of WW1, and, perhaps even, our view of war generally. With that in mind, it's only right that Edinburgh celebrate and recreate Owen's arrival.”
Fiona MacDonald, director of Glen Art, said: “Glen Art support veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, known in Owen’s time as shell shock. We believe that the most appropriate way to honour the memory of those whose lives were lost, or whose minds were shattered, a hundred years ago, is to support the veterans of today. So many great artists lost their lives in the Great War, from Owen, and Butterworth to Ivor Gurney who ended his days in a mental hospital and they must never be forgotten. It is a huge privilege to be part of these important commemoration events with young people, soldiers and veterans of today.”
During Owen’s time within Craiglockhart War Hospital, which is now part of Edinburgh Napier’s Craiglockhart campus and home to its War Poets Collection, he met Siegfried Sassoon and the meeting was to have a profound effect on his poetry work. It was at Craiglockhart that he wrote two of his most-revered poems - Dulce et Decorum Est and Anthem for Doomed Youth.
The campus itself also hosted a special public lecture with Scottish military historian and expert in all things First World War Professor Sir Hew Strachan.
Sir Hew shared knowledge on the military and political situation in 1917 and discussed how events of that year may have been the turning point of the war. The lecture ended the day's series of events.
Professor Andrea Nolan, Principal at Edinburgh Napier, said: “Edinburgh Napier is incredibly proud to continue to honour the legacy of Wilfred Owen’s time within Edinburgh. Our Craiglockhart campus and War Poets Collection are both visual and aural reminders of the impact the city had on his work and we’re grateful to be a part of a series of events to commemorate 100 years since his historic arrival.”
The party then retraced Owen's first steps up Princes Street
Learn more about Wilfred Owen's Edinburgh 1917-2017