Clare Frances is lecturer in law at Edinburgh Napier. Her research interests lie in the related areas of international criminal law, international humanitarian law, and international human rights law, with a focus on the application of legal theory to these areas. Her current work focuses on a theory of authority in international criminal law, and is due to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2020.
Clare Frances has published widely on the concept of defences in international criminal law and responsibility for international crimes, particularly in relation to non-state actors. Her work has been funded by the Clark Foundation in Legal Education, the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland and the iCourts Centre for Excellence at the University of Copenhagen. She has held a number of visiting positions at a number of international institutions, including Columbia Law School and the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, and is a listed Assistant to Counsel at the International Criminal Court.