Matt Wale

matt wale

Dr Matt Wale

Post Doctoral Research Fellow

Biography

Since a young age I have always been fascinated by the marine world, with specific interest in how marine invertebrates interact with their environment. I completed my MSc via research at the University of Bristol with Dr Andy Radford and Dr Steve Simpson studying the effects of shipping noise on the shore crab Carcinus maenas. Following this I went on to obtain my PhD from Edinburgh Napier University, supervised by Prof Karen Diele and Dr Rob Briers, investigating the effects of anthropogenic noise playbacks on marine invertebrates.

I am currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow working with Prof Karen Diele (Napier) and Prof Daniele Daffonchio (KAUST) on the Microlanding project, investigating the role of the bacterial symbiome at the gill-water (air) interface in the evolution towards terrestrialisation

RESEARCH INTERESTS
My research fits two main areas:

1) The interactions between aquatic invertebrates and humans, and how through understanding these interactions we can begin to reduce human impacts on the environment.

My research in this area has mainly focused on the effects of man-made noise sources on marine and freshwater invertebrates across multiple levels of biological organisation. Working with both the adult and juvenile stages of a number of invertebrate species, I have been investigating noise induced changes in behaviour, physiology, biochemistry, and genetics. My experiments have mainly focused on decapod crustaceans and bivalve molluscs; however, I have additionally worked on cephalopod molluscs (embryos), echinoderms, and cladocera.

I am continuing to investigate the reactions of aquatic invertebrates to underwater noise, and aspire to expand into other “novel” stressors such as artificial light in both single- and in multi-variable systems with other important marine stressors, such as temperature, ocean acidification, and chemical pollutants.

2) The role of the crustacean gill microbiome in the evolution towards territorialisation.

My current postdoc forms part of the Microlanding project. Working in a collaborative team both at Napier and KAUST (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology) I am working to identify the symbiotic bacterial community that is present through the larval development of two mangrove crab species Cranuca inversa and Thalimata crenata and how these bacteria are transmitted. My main roles include the identification and description of the larval stages of these species, with specific interest in the timing of gill development.

I am an advocate for multimethod, interdisciplinary research where an organism’s responses to stressors and changes in their environment are assessed at multiple levels of biological organisation. Investigating biological responses in this way permits insights into the interactions between responses and their total effect on the organism. Additionally, I strongly support ecosystem level and multistressor research, where responses from many organisms to multiple stressors are combined to gain the most accurate representation of how marine communities are responding to anthropogenic influences. This kind of research requires an interdisciplinary approach, and I value the opportunity to build collaborative research that incorporates the expertise of different research groups within the university, along with external collaborators within the wider academic community, industry, and government.

Date


8 results

The Importance of Larval Stages for Considering Crab Microbiomes as a Paradigm for the Evolution of Terrestrialization

Journal Article
Wale, M., Daffonchio, D., Fusi, M., Marasco, R., Garuglieri, E., & Diele, K. (2021)
The Importance of Larval Stages for Considering Crab Microbiomes as a Paradigm for the Evolution of Terrestrialization. Frontiers in Microbiology, 12, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.770245

Marine invertebrate anthropogenic noise research -Trends in methods and future directions

Journal Article
Wale, M., Briers, R., & Diele, K. (2021)
Marine invertebrate anthropogenic noise research -Trends in methods and future directions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 173(A), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112958
Selecting the correct methods to answer one's chosen question is key to conducting rigorous, evidence-based science. A disciplines' chosen methods are constantly evolving to e...

From DNA to ecological performance: Effects of anthropogenic noise on a reef-building mussel

Journal Article
Wale, M. A., Briers, R. A., Hartl, M. G., Bryson, D., & Diele, K. (2019)
From DNA to ecological performance: Effects of anthropogenic noise on a reef-building mussel. Science of the Total Environment, 689, 126-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.380
Responses of marine invertebrates to anthropogenic noise are insufficiently known, impeding our understanding of ecosystemic impacts of noise and the development of mitigation...

The Effects of Anthropogenic Noise Playbacks on Marine Invertebrates

Thesis
Wale, M. A. The Effects of Anthropogenic Noise Playbacks on Marine Invertebrates. (Thesis)
Edinburgh Napier University. Retrieved from http://researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/Output/1255476
Anthropogenic sound has profoundly changed the acoustic environment of aquatic habitats, with growing evidence that even a short exposure to man-made sound sources can negativ...

From DNA to Ecological Performance: Effects of Anthropogenic Noise on a Reef-Building Mussel

Dataset
Wale, M., Diele, K., & Briers, R. (2018)
From DNA to Ecological Performance: Effects of Anthropogenic Noise on a Reef-Building Mussel. [Dataset]. https://doi.org/10.17869/1ykg-ax55

Beyond a simple effect: variable and changing responses to anthropogenic noise.

Book Chapter
Radford, A. N., Purser, J., Bruintjes, R., Voellmy, I. K., Everley, K. A., Wale, M. A., …Simpson, S. D. (2016)
Beyond a simple effect: variable and changing responses to anthropogenic noise. In A. N. Popper, & A. Hawkins (Eds.), The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (901-907). New York, USA: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_111
A growing number of experimental studies have demonstrated that exposure to anthropogenic noise can affect the behavior and physiology of a variety of aquatic organisms. Howev...

Noise negatively affects foraging and antipredator behaviour in shore crabs

Journal Article
Wale, M. A., Simpson, S. D., & Radford, A. N. (2013)
Noise negatively affects foraging and antipredator behaviour in shore crabs. Animal Behaviour, 86(1), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2013.05.001
Acoustic noise has the potential to cause stress, to distract and to mask important sounds, and thus to affect behaviour. Human activities have added considerable noise to bot...

Size-dependent physiological responses of shore crabs to single and repeated playback of ship noise

Journal Article
Radford, A. N., Wale, M. A., & Simpson, S. D. (2013)
Size-dependent physiological responses of shore crabs to single and repeated playback of ship noise. Biology Letters, 9(2), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2012.1194
Anthropogenic noise has fundamentally changed the acoustics of terrestrial and aquatic environments, and there is growing empirical evidence that even a single noise exposure ...

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