Research Output

3D printable recycled textiles : material innovation and a resurrection of the forgotten ‘shoddy’ industry

  This paper will disseminate an interdisciplinary project, undertaken at Edinburgh Napier University between the Design and Advanced Materials. Several 3D printable materials are commercially available that use recycled material, but none that incorporate textiles. This project was funded by the Textiles Future Forum in collaboration with four Scottish textile companies who provided ‘waste’ textiles (wool, cashmere and leather), to be used in this way. In the cases of the wool and cashmere, this is predominantly selvedge waste from the looms and knitting machines. The leather was recycled from airplane seats. The paper will outline the historical context of the project, particularly the advent of ‘shoddy’, how these historical processes have common characteristics with the procedures used in this project, a brief outline of how the 3D printable materials were created and an evaluation of the embodiment of the narrative of Scottish tradition and ‘authenticity’ in the materials.

  • Date:

    22 September 2017

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    677 Textiles

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Vettese, S. (2017). 3D printable recycled textiles : material innovation and a resurrection of the forgotten ‘shoddy’ industry. In Loughborough University Textile Design Research Group INTERSECTIONS Conference 2017ISBN not known



This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:


3D Printing; Waste; Shoddy; Authenticity; Scottish Heritage

Monthly Views:

Available Documents