Research Output
A Hierarchical Approach to Evolving Behaviour-Trees for Swarm Control
  Behaviour trees (BTs) are commonly used as controllers in robotic swarms due their modular composition and to the fact that they can be easily interpreted by humans. From an algorithmic perspective, an additional advantage is that extra modules can easily be introduced and incorporated into new trees. Genetic Programming (GP) has already been shown to be capable of evolving BTs to achieve a variety of sub-tasks (primitives) of a higher-level goal. In this work we show that a hierarchical controller can be evolved that first uses GP to evolve a repertoire of primitives expressed as BTs, and then to evolve a high-level BT controller that leverages the evolved repertoire for a foraging task. We show that the hierarchical approach that uses BTs at two levels outperforms a baseline in which the BTs are evolved using only low-level nodes. In addition, we propose a method to improve the quality of the primitive repertoire, which in turn results in improved high-level BTs.


Montague, K., Hart, E., & Paechter, B. (2024). A Hierarchical Approach to Evolving Behaviour-Trees for Swarm Control. In S. Smith, J. Correia, & C. Cintrano (Eds.), Applications of Evolutionary Computation: 27th European Conference, EvoApplications 2024, Held as Part of EvoStar 2024, Aberystwyth, UK, April 3–5, 2024, Proceedings, Part I (178-193).


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