Research Output
A Model of Learning and Development Effectiveness in Organisations
  This chapter presents an open system informed model of training effectiveness in organisations. The model is composed of inputs, process components and outputs. The inputs consist of macro external inputs, internal micro-level inputs and training design inputs. The process elements of the model consist of three components: individual and organisational reactions to training, individual and organisational learning outcomes, and individual and organisational-level training transfer factors. The outputs component of the model consists of emergence enablers, collective human resource outcomes, operational performance outcomes and financial outcomes. The chapter summarises the literature on each component of the model.

  • Date:

    30 July 2020

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Palgrave Macmillan

  • DOI:


  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Garavan, T., O'Brien, F., Duggan, J., Gubbins, C., Lai, Y., Carbery, R., …Grant, K. (2020). A Model of Learning and Development Effectiveness in Organisations. In Learning and Development Effectiveness in Organisations: An integrated systems-informed model of effectiveness (49-98). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.


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