Research Output
A Multidimensional Analysis of Project Manager Competences
  Projects are important to industry. Project manager (PM) competences are important in project success. Yet, current competence studies largely rely on small-sample, homogenous PM surveys which could suffer from uncontrollable biases and may not be generalizable. Often, the studies disregard industry specificity. We attempt to address these issues by exploring the key competences employers require from PMs across multiple industry sectors. We code the contents of 2306 online project management job advertisements in the U. K., the U. S., Canada, China, India, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Singapore for frequently occurring keywords. Using three-way multidimensional scaling (MDS), we extract six dimensions of competence present in the coded keywords: 1) industry-specific and generic skills over project management knowledge/expertise; 2) project management knowledge/expertise over industry-specific and generic skills; 3) (senior) managerial skills; 4) (positive) personal traits; 5) project management methodology experience and professional qualifications; and 6) risk management over a project life cycle. We find that typically industry puts more weight on generic skills than project management knowledge/expertise, replicating previous PM survey-based results. We believe, however, that the main contribution is our finding that different industry sectors place significantly different levels of salience on the six dimensions. We discuss the practical implications of the results.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    05 October 2012

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Funders:

    Historic Funder (pre-Worktribe)


Chipulu, M., Neoh, J. G., Ojiako, U., & Williams, T. (2013). A Multidimensional Analysis of Project Manager Competences. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 60(3), 506-517.



Competence salience, industry specificity, multidimensional scaling (MDS), project manager (PM) competences.

Monthly Views:

Available Documents