Research Output
A pilot study comparing a type 1 nurse-led diabetes clinic with a conventional doctor-led diabetes clinic
  A prospective comparative pilot study was designed to assess and compare care delivered by a diabetes specialist nurse (DSN) and standard doctor-led care for patients with type 1 diabetes. The philosophy was to provide an individualised, patient-centred, lifestyle-based approach.In all, 60 patients with type 1 diabetes were randomised to either the nurse-led clinic (NLC) or a conventional clinic. NLC patients received medical input during their annual screening appointment.In the nurse-led system patients prioritised relevant issues with the aid of a ‘Waiting Area Menu’. The menu consisted of pertinent topics relevant to living with diabetes. Care interventions were then agreed and targets discussed.To date the results of DSN intervention include: 60% of patients changing to a more appropriate insulin regimen; 36% changing equipment following update from the DSN; 20% needing initiation of cardiovascular medication; and 26% being referred to other health care professionals. The mean HbA1c changed by -0.25% in the NLC group and by -0.06% in the control group (ns).During the pilot there were several barriers which we had not anticipated. These included staffing resources, and organisational and time management issues. However, feedback from patient questionnaires demonstrated that the majority of patients preferred the NLC.

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  • Date:

    31 December 2004

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  • Library of Congress:

    RT Nursing

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    610.73 Nursing


Charlton, J., Mackay, L., & McKnight, J. (2004). A pilot study comparing a type 1 nurse-led diabetes clinic with a conventional doctor-led diabetes clinic. European Diabetes Nursing, 1(1), 18-21.



type 1 diabetes, glycaemic control, quality of life, nurse-led clinics, patient-centred, lifestyle-based care

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