Research Output
A review of international HRD: incorporating a global HRD construct
  Purpose – The aim of this paper is to review published conceptual and research papers within the field of international, comparative and cross‐cultural HRD.Design/methodology/approach – The paper's approach is a targeted literature review focusing on papers within the mainstream HRD journals, as well as a small number of non HRD journals.Findings – The literature review revealed that international, comparative and cross‐cultural HRD is an emerging subfield of study. In general the authors were able to categorise the literatures into the three trajectories specified. However, they noted contradictions and confusions within the literature.Research limitations/implications – The paper is solely theoretical in nature; however, it does identify gaps for further research. The authors highlight specific research questions within each trajectory as well as proposing a global HRD construct.Originality/value – The paper is particularly valuable to scholars interested in theorising and researching international, comparative and cross‐cultural HRD. It sets the scene for the special issue on the three trajectories, and identifies possible avenues for future theorising and research.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    06 April 2012

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Cross Ref:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    HD28 Management. Industrial Management

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    658 General management


Garavan, T. N., & Carbery, R. (2012). A review of international HRD: incorporating a global HRD construct. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(2/3), 129-157.



International HRD, Comparative HRD, Cross-cultural HRD, Global HRD, Human resource development, Cross cultural studies

Monthly Views:

Available Documents