Research Output

A Self-Organizing Memory Neural Network for Aerosol Concentration Prediction

  Haze-fog, which is an atmospheric aerosol caused by natural or man-made factors, seriously affects the physical and mental health of human beings. PM2.5 (a particulate matter whose diameter is smaller than or equal to 2.5 microns) is the chief culprit causing aerosol. To forecast the condition of PM2.5, this paper adopts the related the meteorological data and air pollutes data to predict the concentration of PM2.5. Since the meteorological data and air pollutes data are typical time series data, it is reasonable to adopt a machine learning method called Single Hidden-Layer Long Short-Term Memory Neural Network (SSHL-LSTMNN) containing memory capability to implement the prediction. However, the number of neurons in the hidden layer is difficult to decide unless manual testing is operated. In order to decide the best structure of the neural network and improve the accuracy of prediction, this paper employs a self-organizing algorithm, which uses Information Processing Capability (IPC) to adjust the number of the hidden neurons automatically during a learning phase. In a word, to predict PM2.5 concentration accurately, this paper proposes the SSHL-LSTMNN to predict PM2.5 concentration. In the experiment, not only the hourly precise prediction but also the daily longer-term prediction is taken into account. At last, the experimental results reflect that SSHL-LSTMNN performs the best.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    01 June 2019

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    005 Computer programming, programs & data

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Liu, Q., Zou, Y., & Liu, X. (2019). A Self-Organizing Memory Neural Network for Aerosol Concentration Prediction. Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences, 119(3), 617-637.



Haze-fog, PM2.5 forecasting, time series data, long short-term memory neural network, self-organizing algorithm, information processing capability

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