Research Output

A systematic review and thematic synthesis exploring how a previous experience of physically activity influences engagement with cardiac rehabilitation

  Background:
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is recognised internationally as an effective therapy to improve quality of life and reduce risk of hospital readmission for individuals diagnosed with Acute Coronary Syndrome. Despite this, half of eligible individuals choose not to engage and the main reason is lack of interest. Furthermore, prior to attending, forty percent of eligible individuals report meeting physical activity guidelines. It is unclear whether this influences decisions about engagement.
Aims:
The aim of this review is to systematically examine qualitative evidence describing patient’s perceptions and experiences, and synthesise what is known about how a previous experience of physical activity in adults diagnosed with Acute Coronary Syndrome influences engagement with physical activity during cardiac rehabilitation.
Methods:
A systematic review and thematic synthesis of primary qualitative studies to examine peer-reviewed literature published between 1990 and 2017, accessed from database searches of MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsycINFO and Embase.
Results
The initial search produced 486 studies, and of these, twelve relevant studies were included in this review. Studies included 388 participants from six countries. For previously active individuals, communication factors, self-perceptions of an exercise identity and experience of cardiac rehabilitation influence engagement in physical activity during cardiac rehabilitation.
Conclusion
In adults diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome, communication post-event and during cardiac rehabilitation is a source for self-appraisal and creates expectations of cardiac rehabilitation. Additionally, perceptions of an exercise identify and experience of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation influence decisions about engagement. To improve uptake and adherence, health professionals should consider previous physical activity levels and tailor information to optimise physical activity post-event.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    15 October 2019

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • DOI:

    10.1177/1474515119882549

  • ISSN:

    1474-5151

  • Library of Congress:

    RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    616.1 Diseases of cardiovascular system

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded

Citation

McHale, S., Astin, F., Neubeck, L., Dawkes, S., & Hanson, C. (2020). A systematic review and thematic synthesis exploring how a previous experience of physically activity influences engagement with cardiac rehabilitation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(1), 31-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474515119882549

Authors

Keywords

Cardiac rehabilitation, acute coronary syndrome, physical activity, previous experience, engagement, self-perceptions

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