Research Output
Accuracy and precision of wearable inertia sensor during a free-weight back squat.
Previous research investigating the validity and reliability of the PUSH™ (PUSH Inc., Toronto, Canada) wearable inertia sensor during a back squat exercise has produced conflicting results (Balsalobre-Fernández et al., 2016; Banyard et al., 2017). Therefore, the aim of this study was two-fold a) examine the error in all variables reported by the PUSH™ in comparison to a criterion method of two Kistler force platforms and 3D motion capture system during the free-weight back squat b) briefly discuss the suitability of the PUSH™ as a training monitoring tool in highly trained participants.
Seven Scottish Rugby Union academy players (age 18.8±1.2 years; height 1.84±0.08 m; body mass 96.9±11.7 kg) were recruited. Participants performed a total of 134 free-weight back squat repetitions with a mean weight of 117.5 kg (±14.72) as part of their regular training sessions. All repetitions were simultaneously captured using the PUSH™ and two Kistler force platforms (Kistler Holding AG, Switzerland) synced with a 12 Oqus 300+ camera motion capture system (Qualisys, Sweden) sampling at 500Hz. PUSH™, Qualisys and Kistler data were then imported into Matlab (R2014a, The Mathworks Inc., Natick, MA, USA) for the analysis of six variables: mean and peak concentric velocity (MV and PV), mean and peak concentric vertical ground reaction force (MF and PF), and mean and peak concentric power (MP and PP). The accuracy and precision of the PUSH™ system were assessed in two ways. Bland-Altman plots were created for each variable for visual inspection. Then MANOVA and subsequent univariate tests were used to assess the difference between the systems. If a significant difference existed, then bias-corrected root mean square error (RMSE) was reported for that variable.
From the MANOVA there was a significant difference between the systems, F(6,127) = 904.9, p

  • Type:


  • Date:

    04 July 2018

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    RC1200 Sports Medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Kavaliauskas, M., Morrison, A., & Potts, N. (2018, July). Accuracy and precision of wearable inertia sensor during a free-weight back squat. Poster presented at 23rd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science



Wearable technology, real-time data, PUSH™ band, inertial sensor,

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