Research Output
An investigation of factors associated with traffic accident and casualty risk in Scotland.
  An investigation was conducted to identify factors associated with traffic accident involvement and traffic casualty involvement of road users in Scotland. This was
done to determine to what extent accident and casualty involvement are related, and so assist policy-makers in the allocation of scarce resources. Traffic accident
involvement was identified for Scottish-resident vehicle drivers. Traffic casualty involvement was identified for vulnerable road users, particularly child pedestrians.

Traffic accident rates were determined from information provided by approximately one thousand Scottish-resident drivers who completed an extensive questionnaire on
driving behaviours. Their personal characteristics, socio-demographic data, and information on attitudes to road safety issues, were also provided. This broad investigation revealed that traffic accident involvement was found to be associated
with personal characteristics, driving behaviour, and attitudes to road safety issues. There is no evidence of any area effect on accident involvement of Scottish drivers, in terms of the administrative area in which they live, the relative level of
affluence/deprivation of the area, or the population density of the area.

A detailed statistical analysis of STATS19 traffic accident data was conducted to determine casualty rates for different groups of road user in Lothian, Scotland, for the years 1991-97. This involved the development of a unique index of multiple
deprivation suitable for both urban and rural areas. Traffic casualty rates were found to be positively associated with the level of deprivation and the population density at
postcode sector level. Analysis of injury-accident data identified that personal characteristics are also associated with casualty involvement for children aged 0-15
years old. As with accident involvement, the influence of behavioural and attitudinal factors on casualty involvement needs to be examined.

A significant finding from this study is that traffic accident risk and traffic casualty risk are not associated with the same factors. Place of residence is significant in
determining casualty risk, but has no significant effect on accident risk. Implications from this research are discussed and suitable recommendations are made.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 October 2002

  • Publication Status:


  • Funders:

    School of the Built Environment, Napier University; School of Mathematics and Statistics, Napier University


White, D. I. An investigation of factors associated with traffic accident and casualty risk in Scotland. (Thesis). Napier University. Retrieved from



Road traffic; Accidents; Drivers; Casualties; Children; Scotland; Accident rates; Causal factors; Driver personality; Driver behaviour; Casualty factors: Place of residence; Child personality; Child behaviour; Statistics;

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