Research Output
Blockchain Technologies for the Internet of Things: Research Issues and Challenges
  This paper presents a comprehensive survey of the existing blockchain protocols for the Internet of Things (IoT) networks. We start by describing the blockchains and summarizing the existing surveys that deal with blockchain technologies. Then, we provide an overview of the application domains of blockchain technologies in IoT, e.g., Internet of Vehicles, Internet of Energy, Internet of Cloud, Edge computing, etc. Moreover, we provide a classification of threat models, which are considered by blockchain protocols in IoT networks, into five main categories, namely identity-based attacks, manipulation-based attacks, cryptanalytic attacks, reputation-based attacks, and service-based attacks. In addition, we provide a taxonomy and a side-by-side comparison of the state-of-the-art methods toward secure and privacy-preserving blockchain technologies with respect to the blockchain model, specific security goals, performance, limitations, computation complexity, and communication overhead. Based on the current survey, we highlight open research challenges and discuss possible future research directions in the blockchain technologies for IoT.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    22 November 2018

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  • Publisher

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

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  • Funders:

    Historic Funder (pre-Worktribe)


Ferrag, M. A., Derdour, M., Mukherjee, M., Derhab, A., Maglaras, L., & Janicke, H. (2019). Blockchain Technologies for the Internet of Things: Research Issues and Challenges. IEEE Internet of Things, 6(2), 2188-2204.



Blockchain, consensus, Internet of Things (IoT), security, threats

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