Research Output

Competition between the nymphs of two regionally co-occurring species of Notonecta (Hemiptera: Notonectidae): Competition and habitat in co-occurring Notonecta

  1. Two species of freshwater invertebrate predator, Notonecta maculata and N. obliqua, showed a negative association in a series of small, man-made ponds in the Peak National Park, Derbyshire, U.K. The present study examines the potential role of interspecific interactions among nymphs on this regional distribution pattern.
2. The survival, development and feeding efficiency of nymphs were examined in laboratory and field mesocosm experiments with intra- and interspecific competition and contrasting environmental complexity.
3. Survival to adulthood and mean lifespan varied significantly in interspecific competition treatments in both laboratory and field experiments, with N. maculata showing higher survival in the simple environment and N. obliqua higher survival in the complex environment.
4. Variations in feeding efficiency were consistent with the survival trends: N. maculata had a higher efficiency in the simple environment, whereas N. obliqua had greater efficiency in the complex environment. There was evidence of a developmental response in feeding efficiency, with differences between species increasing with age.
5. These results suggest that the relative competitive abilities of the two species are affected by habitat complexity, and that competition between species may modify the species distribution where they co-occur.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    31 August 1999

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Wiley-Blackwell

  • DOI:

    10.1046/j.1365-2427.1999.00448.x

  • ISSN:

    0046-5070

  • Library of Congress:

    QR Microbiology

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    577.6 Freshwater ecology

Citation

Briers, R. A., & Warren, P. H. (1999). Competition between the nymphs of two regionally co-occurring species of Notonecta (Hemiptera: Notonectidae): Competition and habitat in co-occurring Notonecta. Freshwater Biology, 42(1), 11-20. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2427.1999.00448.x

Authors

Keywords

competition; Notonecta; nymphs; coexistence

Monthly Views:

Available Documents